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Define the term “Drowning”. (page 838)
What is the pathophysiology of drowning?
Describe some of the major statistics regarding the incidence of drowning on page 839.
What should you always assume on a patient who dove into water?
What is the mammalian diving reflex? What is its significance in a drowning patient?
Define dysbarism as the term relates to scuba or deep water diving incidents.
What is the pathophysiology of decompression sickness? (Pg. 851)
What are the predisposing factors of decompression sickness? (Pg. 851)
The pain associated with Type I decompression sickness is called the _________. Describe the
nature of this pain. (page 852)
What are all the signs and symptoms of Type I decompression sickness listed in your book on
What does the term pruritus refer to as related Type I decompression sickness?
What does the term “Skin bends” refer to?
What is the difference between Type I and Type II decompression sickness? (Pg. 852)
What is an AGE in reference to scuba related emergencies. Understand the pathophysiology of
an AGE. Be able to recognize the signs and symptoms of an AGE, given a hypothetical (critical
thinking) patient scenario. (Pg. 853)
Define barotrauma as related to scuba emergencies.
What are the signs and symptoms of barotrauma? (Pg. 854)
What is the most appropriate destination facility for the treatment of scuba related
emergencies in San Diego County? Why?
Discuss the position you would place a suspected AGE patient in during transport to the
What are the three layers of the skin? (Pg. 955)
What functions does the skin preform? (Pg. 955)
What is the pathophysiology of a first degree burn? (Pg. 957)
What are the signs and symptoms of a first degree burn? (Pg. 957)
What are the signs and symptoms of a second degree burn? (Pg. 957)
What are the signs and symptoms of a third degree burn? (Pg. 957)
What is the pathophysiology of a second degree burn? (Pg. 958)
What is the pathophysiology of a third degree burn? (Pg. 958)
How is the term “critical burn” defined in your textbook?
What is the difference in pain perceived by the patient between partial and full thickness
burns? (Pg. 958)
What are important things to assess in burn injuries to extremities? (Pg. 960)
What is the significance of a patient who sustained a burn injury in an enclosed space versus
a patient who was burned in an open area?
What are all the signs and symptoms of respiratory burns?
What is the “Rule of Nines” used for? Know the “Rule of Nines”
What is the significance of the patient’s age and preexisting medical conditions in a burn
patient? (Pg. 960)
Describe the EMT field treatment for chemical splashed into a patient’s eye.
What is the significance of circumferential burns to the chest?
Does the burn itself cause most prehospital burn deaths or are there other factors responsible? If so what are they?
Outline the care for an electrical burn patient listed on page 969.
Describe scene safety for and electrical burn patient scenario.
Describe pertinent physical examination findings you would look for on a burn patient?
What are some important considerations when evaluating the potential severity of an electrical burn injury?
Review the San Diego County criteria for required burn center transport. (S-124, bottom of the page)
Where is the San Diego County Regional Burn center located?
Review the San Diego County Treatment Protocol for adult burns (S-124) and Pediatric Burns (S-170)
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