The Protestants believed us going to heaven depends on G-d not what you do and do not do. This was in opposition to what the Catholics thought with confession and seven Sacraments. They believe only thing that decided if you were getting into heaven was G-d.
John Locke was an English philosopher who coined this idea of a blank slate. He believed that humans were born with a built in mental content and all the knowledge we have is acquired by experience and from perception. In psychology, this would favor the nurture over nature.
During the Enlightenment many thinkers were opposed traditional, religious institution and ideas. Few even professed Atheism. More typical belief was that G-d created the universe and then left it and no longer intervenes in course of events. The Natural Law is the mechanism by the which the world continues to exist.
Index of prohibited books
These were books that Catholics considered by Heresy. Ex. Galileo and John Locke. The aim was to prevent people from reading immoral books of work containing theological errors
This is the Deists idea that the universe was created by G-d but he took himself out and the world now exists by natural laws. People believed G-d was like a clockmaker who walked away after creation and let it run. This theory implicates there is a designer.
Thirty Years War
1618-48; The start of the war is complex and can not be one single cause. Initially, it was a religious conflict between the Catholics and Protestants in HRE. This was was fought in four stages 1. Bohemian- Calvinists eliminated from Bohemia, became Catholic 2. Danish- HRE got a general to fight for Cath. 3. Swedish Phase- King helps protestants push catholics back to Bohemia. 4. French Phase-French allies with Prot. HRE defeated.
Who won thirty years war?
Protestants backed up by France and Sweden
Intellectuals of Enlightenment (18th) public intellectuals who applied reason to the study of many areas of learning from philosophy to social issues. They promoted a "republic of letters" that allowed intellectuals to freely exchange books and ideas. Immanuel Kant described them as "Sapere Aude" dare to know. They wanted to help better world and rid problems.
Hammer of Witches
A guide written in late 15th century by Heinrich Kramer and Jacob Sprenger. The main attempt of this guide was to refute arguments claiming that witchcraft doesn't exist, to claim witches were more often women than men and to magistrates (judges) on how to convict them.
British feminist, 18th century, She wrote a letter to constitution of France arguing that women are not naturally inferior to men, but appear to be only because they lack education. She suggests that both men and women should be treated as rational beings and imagines a social order founded on reason. Women could be more virtuous if had educational rights.
He was the second Tudor Monarch. He was originally a vigorous supporter of Catholcism. He even wrote the Defence of Seven Sacraments. The Pope gave him "defender of faith" title. However, He was married to Katherine of Aragon (daughter of Is and Ferd.) he wanted to divorce her but Catholic Church didn't let so he left and became head of Anglican Church
Popular in the 16th century that a fully predictive mathematical model of a heliocentric system was presented, by the Renaissance mathematician and astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus. The earth and planets revolve around stationary sun.
Men who follow the Catholic Church founded in early 16th century by Ignacius Loyola (war veteran) The goals of this group is to reform Church through education of Catholicism and fight Protestantism. They are strongly committed to theological scholarship, missionary work and education.
Luther nailed is 95 Thesis against the selling of indulgences thus starting Protestant Reformation. That act in Wittenberg, Germany, was the Primary Catalyst to Protestant Reformation.
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