The clause applies to both states (14th= EPC) and the fed gov't (5th DPC by "reverse incorp." of the 14th DPC and EPC).
1. nature of the classifications
2. gov't interest in the challenged; and
3. relationship between the gov'ts interest and the classifications
1. Strict scrutiny
2. Intermediate scrutiny
3. Rational- Basis Test
A law will be upheld only if it is narrowly tailored to advance compelling gov't interest.
National Origins/Alienage (intent)
Requires justification that is "exceedingly persuasive" and will only be upheld if it is substantially -related to an important government interest.
Parent's Marital Status (legitmacy)
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