Chapter 1-Discussion Questions 1. Exhibit 1.1 illustrates the focal point of the labor realations process and many variables that affect the process. Select an academic discipline such as political science, economics, or sociology, and indicate three specific ways the discipline could add insights into the labor realtions process. If i were to select Sociology as an academic discipline, this acadmic discipline focuses on examining job satisfaction. i believe that the three specific ways that sociology could add insight is first since many union are organized because employees are unhappy with the how they are treated at work or the working conditions. This insight here would be giving employers information to update work rules and those involved in labor relations to make sure employees are satisfied. Another insight to the labor relations process would be 2. Discuss the different dimensions of technology, indicating how this variable might contribute to two unique and specific work rules for unionized employees at a grocery store. Also indicate with examples how two other external constraints or influences could affect the work rules at a grocery store. There are four different dimensiosn in technology. The first dimension is equipment used in operation. second deminesion is the pace and scheduling of work, third dimension is characteristics of the work envionment and tasks to be performed and fourth dimension is information exchange. All these dimensions affect different workplaces and work rules for those jobs. At a grocery store, having new technology where customers can scan their items themselves and insert or swipe their card for payment reduces the amount of cashiers needed to scan customers goods. The dimension that applies here is the characteristic of the work environment and taks performed. There are less employees that need to be hired for those positions. There is less skill needed for these jobs since the new technology records everything such as purchases, inventory, and changing prices. Two other influences that could affect work rules at a grocery store would be the state of the economy and labor market. The state of the economy affects work rules becasue if people are not in good financial standing they are less likely to get grocerys that are more expensive and may just settle for the in store brand and may not get that prime rib for dinner instead just get some chicken. The labor market could affect work rules because if there is new technology the labor market that a grocery store is looking for would be less skilled workers so they dont have to pay them as much. 4. The text outlines three basic assumptions underlyting the labor reatlsion process in the United States. To what extent do you agree or disagree with these assumptions? Does your response differ any depending on whether you think about the question from the perspective of an employer or an employee? assumption1-adoption and support of a free enterprise (capitalist) economic system in the United States creates an inherent conflict of interest between employers and employees 2-employess in a free and democratic society have a right to independently pursue their employment interests using lawful means. 3-collective bargaining provides a process for meaningful employee participation through independently chosen representatives in the determination of work rules Chapter 2-Discussion Questions 2. Use the four criteria mentioned in the introduction of this chapter for evaluating the strengths of a labor organization, and discuss why the AFL survived and the IWW faded into obscurity as labor organizations. 1-its structural and financial stability 2-its ability to work within the established political and economic system, particularly the wage system 3-the degree to which teh broader social environment suchs as legislation, media, and public opinion are supportive or opposed to a labor organizations goals and tactics 4-the ability of union leaderes to identify and satisfy members' goals and interests AFL-"pure and simple"unionism, didnt try to change existing social system, focused more interest on member needs. IWW-lack of permanent membership and financial base, inability of the iww to appeal to members' interests, identification of the IWW with savotage and violence, alienation of the news media andgovernment officals, and overthrow existing capitalistic system by any means necessary, no effetive organization structure decided 3. Explain how the Haymarket Riot, Homestead strike, and Pullman strike helped as well as hurt the AFL. haymarket riot-brought good media since AFL made it known that they were seperate from KOL homestead strike- hurt unions in general since not only showed decline and that unions are bad but helped AFL because showed that Gomper demonstrated existing and potential members his very real concern about the Homestead situation and funds from AFL helped pay for memebers legal expenses Pullman strike-helped because showed that AFL didnt want to get involved in issues that are "lost cause" 6. Discuss some key similiarities and differences between the AFL-CIO and the Change to Win federation. What impact do you think the Change to Win federation will have on union membership growth and union involvement in politics over the next 5 to 10 years? Differences=CTW-less formally structured, contribute 50% of annual operating budget twoard union organizing activies instead focus more resources on grass-roots direct political action by the member unions themselves AFL-CIO=more formally structured contribute 30% annual operating budget toward union organizing activties spend less time and money working through the established political parties Similarities=priciples and philosophies in the next 5 to 10 years i believe that the impact that the CTW will have on membership growth and involvement in politics would be that they would take the involvement in politics to lessen because instead of spending a lot of tim and money working through the political parties already established they are going to look at using more resources grass root political action As far as membership growth they may find it easier because they are taking 50% of their budget to organizing activites instead of politics. Chapter 3-Discussion Questions 3. Why did the 1914 Clayton Act, called US Labor's Magna Charta by AFL president Samuel Gomper's fail to live up to union leader's expectations? Gomper thought it says it would free organized labor from the restraints of antitrust prosecution. joy short lived hurt growth and development more than it helped because under the act, employers could now seek labor injuntions for alleged antitrust violations on their own, wheare as under the sharman act on a us districy attoney could see such and injunction from a court. Supreme court interpreted congress;s intent in passing the act as only reaffirminf a labor organizations right to exist so long as it sought to acheive lawful ends using lawful means 4. What was the intent or purpose of Congress in passing a) the 1932 Norris-La Guardia Act; b) the 1935 National Labor Relations (Wagner) Act; and c) the 1947 Labor Management Relations (Taft- Hartley) Act? Norris-LaGuardia-pressure on congress to take a more active role in regulating the economy, including providing more protection for basic workers' rights. Allow employees a greater voice in seeking to advance and protesttheir legitimate job interests, congress limited the power of federal couarts to intervene in labor disputes trhough the issuance of labor injunctions. Encourage courts to adopt a more impartial or neutral role in seeking to protect and enforce the ligitmate rights of employers and employees. finally express congressional support for the process of collective bargaining as an appropriate means for employees to improve and protect their employement interests Wagner Act-sought to ensure the free flow of commerce, labor peace and stability, and protection of the public's interest by encouraging the process of collective bargaining and preventing employer interference with the exercise of employee rights defined in the act. LMRA-fairly balance labor relations policy added seiont of unfair union labor practices 6. Should the NLRB's administration of the LMRA be termed a success? Why or why not? NLRB Responsiblites- prevent employer and union unfair labor practices as defed by the LMRA which interfere with the exercise of employee right protected by the act, carried out through investigation, prosecution, and remedy of unfair labor practices. second determine if employees covered under the LMRA desire representation by an independent labor organization for purposes of collective bargaining. YES Chapter 4-Discussion Questions 1. Compare the steps companies may take to implement a positive human resources management program with principles of effective management. 122 8. Differentiate among the business agent of a local union, a shop steward, and an international union representative. How do their roles differ? 136-138 11. Formulate a one to two sentence argument for or against the right-to-work philosophy. Fully defend your statement from arguments that could be made against your position.163-166 Chapter 5-Discussion Questions 3. Explain the contract bar doctrine. How would it influence the negotiation of the first labor agreement? 201 5. Perscribe a "do" and "don't" list for supervisors involved in unionization campaigns so that they will not commit any unfair labor practices. 208-213 9. Review the arguments for and against the Employee Free Choice Act and the Mandatory Secret Ballot Protection Act. How would you vote? Give your reasons. 205-207 Paragraph (for help, see below)
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