Ethics, Informed Consent, and Debriefing (pg. 420-426) Ethics: study of appropriate, responsible actions -need to find a balance between rights and responsibilities of scientists and P?s -regulated by APA and other organizations *Institutional Review Board (IRB) -receive federal funding -must approve research -goal is to protect P?s Informed consent and voluntary participation (pg. 424-425): written statement outlining: -purpose of study -expectations -potential benefits and risks -confidentiality (not anonymity) -length (about 1 page) -participation is a choice; people may decline participation at any time during the study Debriefing (pg. 426): -should occur immediately after participation -goals: *answer questions *educate P?s about the purpose of the study *address and attempt to reduce any negative affects to P?s *reveal any deception? -what and why -don?t make P?s feel bad for failing to detect deception -some use funneling technique with broad to narrow questions guiding participants to uncover deception themselves *encourage future participation *repeat thanks and pledge of confidentiality *ask P?s not to discuss until experimenter finishes sessions *potential P?s for IPs: -must be adults who are not members of vulnerable populations -should not take advantage of connections to obtain P?s (groups, teams, etc) *considerations for IPs: -experimenter must obtain informed consent and ensure confidentiality (no observational studies) -face-to-face -any deception involved? Is it necessary? -do potential benefits outweigh the potential harms? -how will you handle adverse reactions? -two-part debriefing always required *conversation with P?s *written summary in language that is easy to understand; heading is the title of paper -same consent form for all P?s?no manipulations within -if gain approval for an IP that may prompt adverse reactions (unlikely) *must be informed in advance *include mood-elevating experience prior
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