The vast majority of American law enforcement agencies are:
The basic concepts of American law enforcement and criminal justice originated in:
Under the "tithing system", groups of 10 families (or a tithing) would follow three of the principles listed below. Which one does NOT belong? A. agree to follow the law B. Keep the peace in their areas C. Select one man from each parish as chief peacekeeper D. Bring law violators to justice
Select one man from each parish as chief peacekeeper
Earlier in American history, two forms of police protection began to evolve -- the ___ in the villages, towns and cities: and the ___ in the rural areas, unincorporated areas, and counties.
Constable-watch system; sheriff
After the Civil War, municipal police officers began to take the charact. of today's police. Three of these characteristics are listed below. Which one does NOT belong? A. They began to carry nightsticks B. They began to carry firearms C. They began to wear uniforms D. They began to form posses
They began to form posses
Which of the following statement is NOT true of the first black police officers? A. They were "free men of color" B. They were slaves C. They were hired around 1805 to serve as members of the New Orleans city watch system D. They were hired primarily because other people did not want the job
They were slaves
In the South, the earliest from of policing was the:
August Vollmer advocated three principles to professionalize American policing. Which of the following does NOT belong? A. He advocated training as a key ingredient in professionalizing policing. B. He believed that citizens needed training in methods of self policing.
He believed that citizens needed training in methods of self-policing
Approximately how many local, stated, and federal public law enforcement agencies operate in the United States?
State-level law enforcement officers include three of the following groups. Which on does NOT belong? A. Highway patrols B. Watercraft officers C. Park rangers D. Sheriffs
In 2000, ___ of American local police departments required a high school diploma of higher education achievement.
Three of the following statements how politics effect the role of the sheriff. Which one does NOT belong? A. The authority to appoint special deputies B. The sheriff's office is limited to the counties that vote to approve it C. Local politic governs the operation of the sheriffs department.
The sheriff;s office is limited to the counties that vote to approve it
Which of the 50 United States does not have a state policing agency?
According to the Homeland Security Act of 2002, which of the following agencies or organizations has "primary responsibility for investigating and prosecuting acts of terrorism?
Federal, state, and local enforcement agencies
What is currently the top priority of the FBI?
Being an intelligence and counter terrorism agency
For most people, the only personal experience they have with the criminal justice process is contact with a:
Local police officer
John Broderick classified police officers by their degree of commitment to maintaining order and their respect for due process. Three of these classifications are listed below. Which one does NOT belong? A. Enforcers B. Punishers C. Idealist. D. Optimist
Which of the following is unquestionably the most time-consuming and resource-intensive task of any police agency?
In ___ patrol, officers are given guidance on how to use their patrol time, which is often based on the results of crime analysis that identify problem areas.
Your textbook names five role that investigators may play in a police department. Three listed below. Which one does NOT belong? A. Background checks B. Officers investigating the crimes C. Uniformed police officers conducting field interrogations and other types of aggressive patrol.
Uniformed police officers conducting field interrogations and other types of aggressive patrol
Three reason why, despite low crime-solving rates by detectives, many police departments continue to employ them. Which does NOT belong? A. Have interrogation kills B. Detective have wider jurisdiction than patrol officers do, and can arrest and book some suspects that other police officers cannot.
Detective have wider jurisdiction than patrol officers do, and can arrest and book some suspects that other police officers cannot
With DNA profiling, a unique genetic profile can be derived from ___ found at the scene of a crime or on a victim.
Hair, Semen, and Blood (All of the above)
The knowledge to carry out cybercrimes is readily available at hacker:
Chat rooms, Message boards, and Web sites (All of the above)
Each year, nearly twice as many people are ___ as are ___
Killed in automobile accidents; murdered
Researchers discovered that ___ of citizens wait 5-10 minutes to call the police, which prevents police from catching the criminal at the scene.
Which of the following is currently the most complete DNA database?
According to FBI estimates, approximately what percent of international terrorist incidents that occur annually in the United States and abroad are directed at U.S. interest?
Follow are the three I's of police selection. Which one does NOT belong? A. Intuition B. Interaction skills C. integrity D. Intelligence
Your textbook names three successful recruitment programs, which are listed below. Which of the programs listed is NOT one of these programs? A. Public safety officers programs B. High school tech prep programs C. Police cadet programs D. Police athletic programs
Police athletic programs
Characteristics of a police chief's job. Which of the following is NOT listed in your textbook? A. A typical police chief rarely serves longer than 10 years B. Police chiefs must be long-term (preferably lifetime) local residents in order to fully understand the needs of the community
Police chiefs must be long-term (preferably lifetime) local residents in order to fully understand the needs of the community
For most violations of the law, a police officer can usually exercise a number of options. Five are listed in your text book. Which of the following is NOT one of the options? A. making a physical arrest B. Issuing a written warning C. Giving a verbal warning D. Using lethal force
Using lethal force
Police have responded to domestic violence in three ways, which are listed in your textbook. Which of the following is NOT one of the methods listed in our textbook? A. Arrest both the perpetrator and the victim B. Separate domestic partners in minor disputes C. Mediate the dispute
Arrest both the perpetrator and the victim
Racial profiling often occurs during ___, where police justify stopping a car because of minor equipment or moving traffic violations that might otherwise be ignored.
Your textbook list several methods that have been prescribed to stop racial profiling. Which on of the following is NOT one of the methods listed in your textbook? A. Having police officers distribute business cards B. Racial and cultural diversity. C. Arresting all perpetrators regardless of race.
Arresting all perpetrators regardless of race
Most people's definition of brutality includes three of the following, according to your textbook. Which of the following is NOT included in your textbook's definition of brutality? A. Unnecessary stopping, questioning B. Full enforcement C. Verbal abuse D. Threats of force
Approximately what percent of the public rates the police "excellent" or "pretty good" at responding quickly to calls for help and assistance, preventing crime, solving crime , being helpful and friendly, treating people fairly, and not using excessive force?
Which of the following is an advantage of hiring college-educated police officers?
Better written reports, Enhanced communications with the public, and Fewer citizens complaints (All of the above)
Which of the following is a way to control the amount of discretion exercised by police officers?
Close supervision by a police agency's management. Department directives and policies, and Decisions of the United States Supreme Court (All of the above)`
Which of the following U.S. Supreme Court decisions severely restricted the police use of deadly force?
Tennessee v. Garner
In which of the following decades were the police departments required to engage in affirmative action efforts in the hiring process?
Your text identifies that the most frequent call for police service in the cities of Houston, TX, Los Angeles, CA, and Chicago was:
Critics of the American media argue that the news media have a duel obligation to:
Present news that reflects a more balanced picture of the overall crime problem and increase their presentation of sensational crimes.
Which of the following is NOT one of the three main agencies of American criminal justice? A. Corrections B. Prisons C. Police D. Courts
The term jurisdiction, as used in your text, means:
A politically defined geographical area
The purpose of the ___ is for a judge in a felony case, to determine whether there is probable cause to believe that the defendant committed the crime
About ___ of criminal defendants plead guilty to the charges against them, in an arrangement called plea bargaining.
Cases that are not resolved through plea bargaining or by a jury are decided by a judge in a:
A problem with the crime control model is the presumption of guilt which goes against what most old/cherished principle of American criminal justice?
Defendants are considered innocent until proven guilty
A(n) ___ is any standard or rule regarding what human beings should or should not think, say, or do under given circumstances.
A typical ___ def. of crime is "an intentional violation of the criminal law/penal code, committed without defense/excuse and penalized by the state.
The term ___ refers to criminal conduct - specifically, intentional or criminally negligent action or inaction that causes harm.
If a person does not want to commit a crime but is forced to do so against his or her will, he or she committed the crime:
Most legal excuses for criminal responsibility are based on the belief that certain offenders lack or have diminished capacity/competence to form:
In most American jurisdictions the upper age limit for juvenile delinquency is ___ and the lower limit is usually ___.
18 / 7
Any record of crimes - such as offenses know to the police, arrest, or convictions - can be considered a ___, or an estimate of crime committed.
The practice of counting only the most serious offenses in a multiple-crime event is a feature of the
Uniform Crime Report (UCR)
Which of the following theories assumes that crime is committed by free willed individuals who engage in a hedonistic rationality?
For Cesare Beccaria, the basis for society, as well as the origin of punishments and the right to punish, is:
The social contract
With whom are psychoanalytic theories of crime causation associated?
Chicago theorist, Which of the following is NOT one of the characteristics of social disorganization? A. There is little encouragement for legitimate employment B. The usual controls over delinquents are absent C. There are many opportunities for delinquent behavior D. There is an absence of gangs
There is an absence of gangs and gang-related delinquency
Learning theory 4 ways punishment Which does NOT belong? A. Punish. must be combined with the positive reinforcement of alternative prosocial behaviors B. Punish. must be applied consistently and immediately C. Punish. must include fines or restitution D. Punishment must be combined with extinction
D. Punishment must be combined with extinction
A crime is a violation of the ___ of a political jurisdiction
It was the common-plea decisions made by a judge in eyre that formed the body of legal precedent that became known as the:
Most of the procedural, or due process rights, given to criminal suspects or defendants in the United States are found in:
The Bill of Rights
The ___ protects Americans from "unreasonable searches and seizures."
The ___ guarantees a right to a speedy and public trial.
The ___ states that excessive bail shall not be required.
Which of the following are explorations or inspections, by law enforcement officers, of homes, premises, vehicles, or persons, for the purpose of discovering evidence of crimes or persons who are accused of crimes?
A ___ is a written order from a court directing law enforcement to conduct a search or to arrest a person.
In which of the following cases did the Supreme Court broaden the protection against compelled self-incrimination to cover nearly all custodial police interrogations?
Miranda v. Arizona
An arrest is the seizing and detaining of a person by lawful authority. True/False
Probable cause is a standard of proof that requires trustworthy evidence sufficient to make a reasonable person believe that, more likely than not, the proposed action is justified. True/False
A grand jury is a group of citizens who hear a criminal case trial and decide upon the defendant's guilt. True/False
In the due process model, the factual guilt of suspects is not determined until the suspects have had a full opportunity to discredit the charges against them. True/False
Criminal theory refers to the explanation and causation of criminal behavior but not to explanations of police behavior or the behavior of other actors in the criminal justice system. True/False
Criminal anthropology is the study of "criminal" human beings. True/False
A tort is a violation of the criminal law. True/False
Formal, written laws are an ancient phenomenon of human existence. True/False
The Exclusionary Rule's primary purpose is to deter police from violating people's 4th Amendment rights against unreasonable search and seizure. True/False
According to the Supreme court, law enforcement agents must first obtain a search warrant before using high-tech devices, such a thermal-imaging devices, to gather information from inside a home. True/False
The DARE program has been a very effective tool in the war against drugs. True/False
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