What are values that characterize P.A. in democracy
PA can be viewed from 3 perspectives
managerial- with a focus on efficiency
political- to assure constitutional safeguards
legal- applying and enforcing the law in specific situations
What are the differences between public and private administration?
*visibility of decision making
*ambiguity of goals
*pluralistic decision making for public
*public organization has democratic goals
The text discuses the tension that may exist between efficiency and responsiveness....describe
There is a hope that pubic and nonprofit organizations will operate in the most efficient way possible, getting thngs done quickly with the least amount of cost to taxpayers and donors. At the same times, public managers must be constantly attentive to the demands of the citizenry.
What president is known for writing "The study of administration" is 1887?
During the classical approach to PA what were the major benefits and who were the authors
The major goal was efficiency and belief in science. Control people through rewards and rules
What is meant by the term generic managment
Government and business management at the same time
Describe the major beliefs of the human relations approach and the time period it dominated. Who were the authors?
The major goal was to understand organizations better so that the more efficient organizations could be built. Study of why people behave the way they do. 1940- 70
Goal was efficiency which was perceived from understanding.
During which times did the Administration as Politics (NEW PA) dominate? What were the major beliefs
Policy Advocacy- bureaucrats should work to change policy
Participartory Bureaucracy- citizens help the bur. make decisions representative.
The major goals of this period are equity, process, accountability, and policy advocacy
What is new public managment
it is contracting out for services, re-enventing government...efficiency
What is the administrative state?
large bureaucracy and large amounts of power
True of False: The US government is smaller then most other governments in the world?
What is meant by the saying that Americans are ideological conservatives but operational liberals
They dislike big government but are unwilling to cut government services
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