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Which of the following statements about handicaps is true?
PARC v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania (1972) granted a free and appropriate public education to
According to the least restrictive environment (LRE) principle of IDEA, students with disabilities
According to current research, which of the following is not an outcome associated with fluency?
According to the IDEA amendments of 1997, a manifestation determination hearing must be conducted
Programs for gifted and talented students
Which of the following is not defined as a major life activity in the Americans with Disabilities Act?
No Child Left Behind places special emphasis on determining the educational programs and practices
Maurice has cerebral palsy and is physically unable to speak. His teacher helps him to learn to use a communication board. What type of intervention is this?
Which of the following best describes screening tests?
RTI was most often used for
After parental consent has been obtained, school districts must complete the evaluation process for a student suspected of having a disability within
Which of the following groups are generally under-represented in special education?
Which of the following statements about an IEP is true?
Which of the following best represents the concept of teaming?
Mr. Nelson helps a group of gifted third grade students to make crystals while Mr. Waun engages the remaining students in a more traditional science lesson. Which model of co-teaching is described in this scenario?
A representative of the local education agency must be included on an IEP team to...
All of the following are general factors that must be considered by team members developing an IEP except
To be sure that students with disabilities receive the highest quality of instruction, teachers are required to use
Which of the following statements about least restrictive environment is/are true?
IDEA requires that an individualized education plan be developed for all students with disabilities between the ages of
Which of the following statements about inclusion is true?
Which factor has the greatest impact on student achievement in inclusive classrooms?
One strategy for integrating students with disabilities in both academic and social environments is
Studies of parents who contest school placement decisions for their children with disabilities indicate that
Mr. Hernandez is a middle school science teacher. His students have been learning about the digestive system. He is reviewing for a test by asking questions orally. He would like to engage as many students as possible in the review. Which of the following strategies should he use?
He should require students to respond in unison to each question
All of the following contribute to disproportionate representation of diverse students in special education except
Which school policy best illustrates the concept of least restrictive environment?
Which of the following is an ineffective inclusion strategy?
Which of the following statements about parent involvement and special education is true?
Which of the following is the least powerful argument for family involvement in special education?
According to research, initial reactions of parents who learn that their child has a disability are generally
Effective home-school partnerships are characterized by
Mark is a student with autism. Mrs. Tozzi, a fifth grade teacher, asks his parents if he is experiencing problems with his homework and invites them to explain how autism is likely to affect his academic and social skills. Was Mrs. Tozzi engaging in effective questioning?
Which of the following is not recommended as a way to enhance successful transitions from home to preschool for young children with disabilities?
The key operational element of family-professional partnerships is
Mrs. Lucas is preparing for an annual review of Mia's IEP. The team has recommended that Mia receive services in the resource room rather than a self-contained classroom. Mrs. Lucas is expecting Mia's parents to be angry about the decision and she has prepared herself to stand firm and defend the team's decision. Which barrier to effective communication is being displayed by Mrs. Lucas?
Which of the following represents an accurate distinction between arguing and dialoguing?
Which of the following statements about the special education system and culturally/linguistically diverse families are true?
Mrs. Rodriquez thinks that Byron, a student with a physical disability should have surgery so that he can stand for several minutes each day. Byron's mother, Mrs. Williams will not consent to the surgery because it is very. Therefore, she feels it is not worth it, Mrs. Rodriquez respects the decision that Byron's mother has made. She is demonstrating
Mrs. Wolfe, a second grade teacher, wants Anthony's mother to feel comfortable during their parent-teacher conference. To build rapport with her, Mrs. Wolfe should
Which of the following is the most time consuming form of home-school communications?
All of the following are features of two-way home- school communication forms except
Patricia is a 5th grade student with a learning disability. Mrs. Duley, her teacher, wants Patricia's mother to provide some home tutoring in reading. She has sent a list of tutoring guidelines to Patricia's mother. Which of the following guidelines on Mrs. Duley's list is inappropriate?
Which of the following is not one of the ten guidelines for communicating with parents and families?
Closed needs assessment
Who is/are the most powerful and pervasive influence(s) in a child's life?
Which of the following is an assumption of the mirror model for parent involvement?
Mrs. Chen has a five-year-old son who must use a wheelchair for mobility. He asks her if he will be able to walk when he grows up. She explains that he probably won't be able to but assures him that he will be able to do many of the things other people do. She encourages him to try new tasks. What role has Mrs. Chen assumed in this scenario?
All of the following are criteria for a diagnosis of intellectual disability except
An intellectual disability is usually defined by an IQ that falls below
The difference between the AAIDD and the IDEA definition of intellectual disabilities is
Which of the following statements about IQ tests is not true?
Which of the following best represents a deficit in adaptive behavior?
Tony is a normally developing student in preschool. He learned to discriminate between a circle and a triangle in three trials. His classmate, Jay, has an intellectual disability. How many trials might Jay require to perform the same task?
Carlos is a student with an intellectual disability. Mrs. Busby, his teacher, just saw him copying from Jasmine's paper rather than attempt a writing assignment on his own. How can she help Carlos be more independent?
Which of the following is not true of learned helplessness and outer-directedness?
All of the following are environmental causes of intellectual disabilities except
Which of the following students would be identified as having difficulty with generalization of learning?
Mrs. Morales spends time each day teaching her first grade students how letters and combinations of letters represent small segments of speech called phonemes is known as
Which of the following students would not qualify as learning disabled according to the federal definition?
What is a drawback to using a discrepancy approach to identifying children with learning disabilities?
One advantage of the Responsiveness to Intervention approach to identifying students with learning disabilities is
All of the following are basic psychological processes except
Carter is having difficulty learning to read. Although he is in third grade, his teacher says that he does not seem to have a conscious understanding that language is made up of sounds. Carter has a deficit in
Children who are unsuccessful with interventions that work for other struggling readers have difficulty with both
Which of the following statements about explicit instruction is not accurate?
Which of the following is true regarding students with learning disabilities and written language?
Which of the following statements about math skills and students with learning disabilities is not accurate?
What is the defining characteristic of students with learning disabilities?
Larry scored below basic on a statewide achievement test; however his teacher has evidence that he has made small incremental improvements in both reading fluency and comprehension this year. Which type of assessment is likely to provide this evidence?
One of the major concerns about using RTI to identify those in need of special education is that
Mr. Carson is a middle school Science teacher in an inclusive classroom. He wants all of his students to be successful so he plans and sequences instruction to show the commonalities and differences between old and new knowledge. Which principle of effective instructional design does this exemplify?
Which of the following is not true of content enhancement?
Mrs. Cooper prepares handouts for her students with learning disabilities to help them understand her lecture. The handouts contain an outline of lecture content and include spaces for writing key facts, concepts, or relationships. This is an example of
Special educators can help students with learning disabilities succeed in general education classes by
Which of the following is not a typical responsibility of a resource teacher?
Which of the following service options for students with learning disabilities provides the most support but is generally the most restrictive?
A special form of direct daily measurement in which instructional decisions are based on changes in the frequency of student performance is known as
Why is it difficult to develop a clear definition of emotional disabilities?
All of the following factors contribute to the vagueness of the definition of emotional disturbance except
Which of the following is not an example of a student with an internalizing behavior?
Which of the following statements is true regarding gender and emotional disabilities?
Current research academic achievement and students with emotional disabilities indicate that
What is the kingpin in the behavior of students with emotional disabilities?
Mrs. Abraham teaches second grade. She is concerned about Sammy's behavior. He is unable to read grade level text. He disrupts class during reading by cursing and screaming when he is asked to read. Which of the following strategies would be most likely to improve Sammy's behavior?
Which of these statements about the identification of students with emotional and behavior disorders is most accurate?
Which of the following statements regarding risk factors and emotional and behavior problems is true?
Screening test for emotional and behavior disorders
Behavior intervention plans are required for students with disabilities
Curriculum for students with emotional disabilities should focus on
Mrs. Byrd is a middle school English teacher. She has just learned that Carla, a new student in her class, has an emotional disability. She wants to keep confrontations and classroom disruptions at a minimum. Mrs. Byrd should
All of the following skills are critical for success in general education except
Which of the following is the most accurate regarding teachers' use of praise?
Reasons for infrequent use of praise include all of the following except
Which of the following statements about self-management is most accurate?
Monica's teacher has taught her to use a self-management strategy to control her blurting out in class. Monica has been instructed to color the circle on her chart green if she has met the goal. On Thursday after morning work, Monica holds up a green circle and smiles at her teacher. The form of self-management described in this scenario is
Ms. Gardner s using a peer support strategy to motivate her students to behave more appropriately. Students have been asked to watch their classmates and catch them being good. Mrs. Gardner praises students who have noticed positive behavior. Which of the following strategies is she using?
Teachers who exhibit differential acceptance for students with emotional and behavior problems
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