Persistence of Popular Beliefs Cult of the saints Institutional catholic Responses Roman Inquisition Index Council of Trent (1546-1563) Catholic Activism and Mysticism Ignatius Loyola Jesuits Theresa of Avila Branch of Carmelites Baroque Spiritual Exercises 1521-1536 Women and the Reformation Marie Dentiere Angela Merici Marie de l?Incarnation Ursulines Persistance of Popular Beliefs Protestants react against Supernatural Catholics count on clergy to do certain things to save them from supernatural evils Cult of the saints Give us a sense of beliefs and psychology Individuals have a particular status of spiritual power Have performed miracles Have achieved sanctity through being a martyr Fascinate people Believed to be able to help you in many ways Could intercede in salvation for you Patron Saints Each kid had name of their protector Saint Each city has one/guilds Saint Vincent: grape growers/ winemakers Saint Livrade: wives with abusive husbands Saint Margaret: Child Birth Saint George: of England Believed to have slayed a dragon Saint Genevieve: of Paris and bakers 16th cent: 46 times brought out of reliquacy Institutional Catholic Responses Council of Trent 1545-1563 Defining documents Roman Inquisition Try and convict/change heretics Respond to finding Protestants in Italy Index 1559 Try to limit reading Pope doesn?t want his leadership challenged Council Combination of ambassadors, theologian, and bishops No protestants Decide what is doctrine Set up seminaries for better priests Re-assert seven sacraments Vulgate (Latin version of Bible) Salvation comes from God and through works Free-will doctrine Leaders nervous about some aspects of religion Tried to make Catholicism too rigid Catholic Activism and Mysticism Activism and Mysticism two big Religious orders: people who take vows o dedicate their lives to a set of rules Jesuits founded by Ignatius Loyola Solider/mystical figure 1521 painfully injured. Vows to go to holy land eating herbs Spiritual Exercises 1521-1536 How to achieve closeness to God Loss of self into the divine No notion of doing nothing. Be active Start as educators (boys), first priest then elite class, modeled on humanism Missionaries (Holy Roman Empire, Poland, Europe) Convert former protestants Theresa of Avila (Spanish) Mystic coming out of Reformation Branch of Carmelites who attempt to form away from women to do Catholic activism Women should live in convent and etc. Most women usually branch out Baroque-style of art after Reformation Trying to please god with it=GRAND/ORNATE Women and the Reformations Protestant emphasizes on scripture and individual interpretation?better for women Girls are becoming literate, but not able to write Protestant leaders want to bring conversion Help bring new religion into the home Marie Dentiere (women spit on her) Nun who converted to Calvinism Do we have two separate scriptures? Men v. women Redefining Marriage Deeply spiritual friendship vs. Catholic way Married women were higher in Protestantism than in Catholic Protestants allowed divorce Angela Merici Founds Ursalines Dedicated to teaching doesn?t have men present in their life! (rare then) 1566: Pope says they should be enclosed (live in a convent) Marie De L?Incarnation-went to France for Missionary activities
Want to see the other 2 page(s) in Exam #1-Lecture 7.docx?JOIN TODAY FOR FREE!