Exam 1, Part 1
Last Modified: 2011-07-15
Related Textbooks:Exploring Lifespan Development (MyDevelopmentLab Series)
2) It is multidimensional and multidirectional
3) It is highly plastic
4) There are multiple interacting forces
2) One course of development or many? (equifinality or multifinality)
3) Nature or nurture?
Stages are qualitative changes in thinking, feeling and behaving that characterize specific periods of development (how theories that accept the discontinuous perspective regard development)
Ego: conscious, rational part of mind; emerges in early infancy; source of impulse control
Superego: social-moral component (i.e., the conscious), develops from parent-child interactions (age 3-6)
• Life-span theory that focuses on the impact of relationships in shaping personality
• Eight psychosocial stages characterized by a developmental crisis
• Core concepts: ego-identity and identity exploration
• Autonomy vs. shame and doubt (anal): 1 – 3 years
• Initiative vs. guilt (phallic): 3 – 6 years
• Industry vs. inferiority (latency): 6 – 11 years
• Identity vs. role confusion (genital): adolescence
• Intimacy vs. isolation: early adulthood
• Generativity vs. stagnation: middle adulthood
• Ego integrity vs. despair: late adulthood
• Our experiences shape who we are
• A state of disequilibrium results in cognitive growth
• Scientific observation (naturalistic vs. structured)
• Case study
• Able to establish cause and effect
• Researchers “control” the environment
o Independent variable (IV): changed or manipulated by the scientist
o Dependent variable (DV): the specific behavior or outcome of the study
o Experimental group = treatment; control group = no treatment
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