Exam 1 Review Lecture Week 1 Black Flower: ?choose explanations that best explain the prison population growth? weak state hypothesis penal populism expressive justice trend War on Drugs David Musto: Cycles in American Drug Policy drugs become transformed into a symbol of evil and moral decadence crack babies/drugs=death Milwaukee article on truth in sentencing Week 2 Evolution of Penology and Corrections in Europe definition History of penology and corrections early history/ Acephalous communities. How to people respond to crime when there is no state or establish societywergild Middle Ages. Theatrical punishments in periods where the supply of labor outstrips the demand the state authorities can be reckless with human life when demand for labor outstrips the supply more benign forms of punishment develop Bridewells: workhouses Age of Reform some of these ideas are still with us Jeremy Bentham: principle of less eligibility panopticon prison design John Howard Society Impact on corrections of ?Age of Reason? Evolution of Corrections in the U.S. Colonial Era: causes of crime were synonymous with sin and no enthusiasm for institutional confinement Jacksonian Era: surge across the US to build penitentiaries theories of this elements and characteristics of total institutions different southern path Big House Era: capacity, guard work, humanitarian reforms, intuitional routines, etc. Week 3 Federal Bureau of Prisons type of institutions and security levels FCI?s and USP?s Trends in the federal prisons absorbing more non-english inmates Trends in state prisons absorbing more middle-aged offenders inmate classification process (3 phases) Prison capacity and multiple ways in which it is defined Haney Article discussion supermax- do they recidivate quicker than those who are not sent there warden concerns social pathologies Eastern European, Latin America, Soviet Union prisons ICPS Pros and Cons of private prisons Week 4 Population trends Causes of prison growth Federal Sentencing Guidelines (Old vs. New) old: congress set only the upper limit of penalties new: set the lower limit of penalties now Vera Report by Stemen High incarceration rate above national average is associated with higher crime rate Neo-liberal/conservative corporatist/social democracies/oriental corporatism countries and incarceration rates. Neo-liberal has highest Returning Rationality to Crime Policy Crude Empiricists Argument: High rates of incarceration because of higher crime rates. (true/false) Book Week 1 Chapter 3 Pg 41 and 43 pg 45: Pennsylvania vs. New York system p 46, 47 debating the system 48-southern penology 50-Marx system, token economies 51-elmira reformatory era 53-positivist school 56-medical model 59-decline of rehab and the emergence of crime control Week 2 Chapter 10 pg 242-245: bureau of prisons 246-257 characteristics of inmates currently serving time: sentence imposed/types of offenses/citizenship pg 248 249-telephone pole design William Negal pg. 250 254- private prisons integrate pro and con arguments all the way to 257 255-box Cos-Cos: contractor operated/owned system (fully private) Special needs inmates Elderly only Haney Article Warden?s views, whether placement in supermax results in quicker/serious recidivism, studies cited were all self-reports (problematic). Very small sample size and have to rely on inmates. Principle arguments made Week 3 Chapter 18 drivers of exploding prison populations (handout) pg. 468-469: state and local politics as a driver of prison growth, public policy trend 471-472: Different strategies of reviewing private prisons 473: consequences of prison overcrowding integrate obvious and not-so-obvious discussion 473-475: ?Does incarceration pay?? other avenues to pursue that could give us same public safety but be less costly? Stemen Article estimates: 25% in reduction in growth can be attributed for prison growth- what is the other 75%
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