a paradigm based on the premise that world politics is essentially and unchangeably a struggle among self- interested states for power and position under anarchy, with each competing state pursuing its own national interests.
a theoretical account of states' behavior that explains it as determined by differences in their relative power within the global hierarchy, defined primarily by the distribution of military power, instead of by other factors such as their values, types of government, or domestic circumstance.
the theoretical postulate that states' foreign policies are determined by their location, natural resources, and physical environment.
the relationship between geography and the economic conditions and behavior of states that define their levels of production, trade, and consumption of goods and services.
the "new" liberal theoretical perspective that accounts for the way international institutions promote global change, cooperation, peace, and prosperity through collective programs for reforms
a paradigm predicated on the hope that the application of reason and universal ethics to international relations can lead to a more orderly, just, and cooperative world; liberalism assumes that anarchy and war can be policed by institutional reforms that empower international organization and law.