When significant improvements in performance can ONLY be gained through radical new designs or new performance-enhancing materials, it is likely that a company is ____ in the S-curve pattern of innovation.
at the end of the innovation cycle
Several Arab countries boycott Coca-Cola products because the soft-drink company maintains product distributors in Israel. This boycott is an example of ____.
a trade barrier
In a multinational firm, managers at company headquarters typically prefer an emphasis on ____ because it simplifies decisions.
____ departmentalization is notorious for confusion and conflict between project managers in different areas of the organization.
To protect its farmers, Japan put limitations on the amount of mushrooms and leeks that could be imported into Japan from China. This limitation is an example of a ____.
A ____ organization is an organization that is characterized by specialized jobs and responsibilities; precisely defined, unchanging roles; and a rigid chain of command based on centralized authority and vertical communication.