Your 5-year-old cousin loves to play games with you but hates cleaning up his room. How would you use the Premack principle to get him to clean more?
You promise to play one round of a game for every 5 minutes he cleans his room.
The average intelligence test score has been rising by about 0.3% every year. This is known as:
The Flynn effect
The idea that members of a category have features that appear to be characteristic of category members, but may not be possessed by every member is called:
Family resemblance theory
The process by which we transform what we think, feel, and perceive into a memory is known as:
Howard Gardner argued that standard intelligence tests measure only the first three of the eight abilities in his categorization because they are abilities
Most valued by Western culture
Deep structure refers to:
The meaning of a sentence
Children make ________ errors when learning to speak , and the errors they make still _______ grammatical rules.
Biological preparedness in organisms is a(n):
Propensity for learning particular kinds of association
Research has shown that different aspects of a single memory are stored:
In different places in the brain
You have trained your dog, to fetch a can of soda whenever you say, Go, Spike Your grandmother, who is hard of hearing, has mistaken your dog's name as Scott and tries to get a soda by saying Go Scott, Spike does nothing. This behavior is an example of what
Andrea scored a 130 on a modern IQ test. About what percentage of the population score higher than that?
Susan's mom called Susan to ask her to pick up eight items from the store on her way home. Since Susan was on the busy with no way to make a list, she had to remember the items. She grouped them into categories, thereby making use of
Monozygotic twins share an average of ____ of their genes
Iconic Memory is a fast-decaying store of:
Lauren has just begun to use two-word phrases, such as "give doll" and "throw ball" Lauren is probably ______ months old.
Which of the following is likely to have produced a flashbulb memory?
Planes hitting the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001
In Albert Bandura's classic study, children who watched an adult pummel the Bobo doll:
Were more likely to behave aggressively themselves
Skinner explained that superstitions result from the:
unintended reinforcement of inconsequential behavior
The linguistic relativity hypothesis holds that
language shapes the nature of thought
The principle that behaviors that are followed by a "satisfying state of affairs" tens to be repeated and those that produce and "unpleasant state of affairs" are less likely to be repeated is known as:
The law of effect
Wally is given a list of twenty objects to memorize in order. Wally imagines a walk from home to school and pictures on the objects on each street corner. What technique of memory is Wally probably using?
Visual imagery encoding
The view that children are biologically predisposed to process language is called the _______ theory.
When Broca's area is damaged, patients:
have a hard time with speech production
A mother is frustrated with her teenager's backtalk and takes away the teenager's cell phone. this action is an example of:
The store of auditory information that decays very rapidly is called _________ memory.
Mary, a professional ice skater had an accident that resulted in memory loss. When she was released from the hospital she could still skate as well as before. she could not remember how she learned how to skate, but her skating proficiency was intact. This success is probably due to ______memory.
When a classically conditioned dog stops salivating after hearing a buzzer and not being presented with food, the result of an example of:
You are conditioning an elephant to startle at the sound of trombone. Every time you play the trombone you show the elephant a mouse, which startles the elephant. After playing the trombone 10 more times the elephant has no response,. This is a result of :
Simon is meek,tidy, quiet, and overly concerned with order and detail, people guess that he is a bookkeeper because of
the representativeness heuristic.
Functional Fixedness occurs when
we tend to perceive the functions of objects as fized or unchanging
Rober Sternberg suggested that there are three kinds of intelligence, which include all of the following.
A parent spanking a misbehaving child is and example of:
The tendency to think of objects only in terms of their normal, typical use is called:
Food, comfort, shelter and warmth are examples of _______ becuase they help satisfy biological needs.
Playing the hot or cold game is an example of which behavioral proces
When Paul studies for a psychology test, he tries to remember important terms by relating them to his past expierences and knowledge. He is using the strategy of:
The phrase "the magical number seven plus or minus two" is used to describe:
short-term memory capacity
The Psychologist who is credited with starting the behaviorist movement was:
John B Watson
A person of low intelligence who has an extraordinary ability in some area is called:
A(n) ________ schedule is based on the number of responses needed to achieve reinforcement
Learning to punch in a phone number by the pattern that your finger moves around the key pad is an example of what type of learning?
Which of the following expressions is a single morpheme?
Same gets a free pretzel using his pretzel card with every tenth pretzel he buys. This arrangement is an example of a(n) ______ schedule
Which of the following statement is not true
women routinely outscore men on test of spatial memory
According to observational learning, after Ashley saw her sister hurt her leg jumping off the bed, ashely would be
less likely to jump off the bed
Using the meaning of words to think about words is known as _______judgement
The case of H.M is a case of a patient whose speech skills and intelligence were unaffected by the removal of parts of his temporal lobe but who could not form new long term memories. Which disorder does HM have?
Devin was recently injured in a car accident on his way home from school. Afterward he was physically fine and had a couple of scratches. However her began to realize that her did not remember anything before the accident. Devin was experiencing:
Claire spent $100 on a non refundable ticket to a concert. She found out that her granddaughters recital was also on that day, she really wanted to go to the recital but she felt obligated to go to the concert. Claire was displaying
the sunk-cost fallacy
The first intelligence test was developed in order to
identify children who needed remedial edcuation
In the US one of the biggest predictors of performace on intelligence tests is:
When andrea goes to the library to study for her tests she always drinks redbull. She begins to notice that when she drinks red bull during her test she does better because of:
Children were asked to report their race before taking a math test. This resulted in poorer preformance for ________ Children
Long-term memory can be broken up into two broad types, memory that requires consicous recall, referred to as _________ memory, and memory that does not require conscious recall, or ________ memory.
The theory of cateforization that says we make category judgments by comparing a new instance with stored memoried for other instanced of the category is called:
A fast and efficient strategy that may facilitate decision making but does not garantee that a solution will be reached is called a(n):
A Psychologist would measure fluid intellience generally by tests that measure:
ablitiy to solve novel abstract problems under time pressure
No longer hearing a clock when it chimes every hour in one's own home is an example of
Judie is at a sleepover, and all the girls are telling about the first time they kissed. Judie starts talking about her first kiss. What type of memory is judie using?
The letter g is used to reperesent the notion of
Danielle is playing trivial pursuit and is asked to name seven castaways on Gilligans island. She can name all but one but knows that the firsy intial is G, bus she cannot come up with the answer. Danielle is experiencing:
Suzie displays the mental ability typical of a 6 year old. Therefore her mental age is
In loftus's reseach study on repressed memories, about a quarter of the people interviewed has a memory of being lost in a shopping mall at age 5 and evenutally being reuntied with their family. The intersting thing about this research was that
these memories were false
According to Robert Stenberg problem solving in daily life requires______ intelligence
According to howard Gardner, standard intelligence tests measure which three ablities
spatial, linguistic, and logical-mathmatical
Ivan pavlov which studying spit and drool in dogs discovered the mechanism behind
the "best " or "most typical" member of a category is called a(n):
The creator(s) of the first intelligence test was/were:
alfred binet and theodore simon
Which of the following intelligence tests is most widely used today
Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale
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