welsh archaeologist. inherited a fortune from father's business. knossus excavation 1900 in crete. he is a modern man from england.
german archaeologist. In the 1870s he Escavated/destroyed Hisarlik (mound in Turkey)-Troy
from 480 bc naval battle. Fought off coast of Greece.
*Greeks crushed the persians. (persians couldn't maintain supply lines. had to withdraw)
338 bc-philip of macedon. Defeated Greeks.
Author of "History of the Pelopponesian war. (sparta vs. athens)
334 bc- alexander vs darius II (modern day seria) Alexander was outnumbered but his army was better. Alexander captured Darious' wife and mother n law.
celtic burial mound in germany. Discovered in 1970. It includes bronze implements, cauldron, celtic art.
irish celtic, great battles, magic weapons. (irish deity/hero)
the most learned man of his age and the principal spokesman for the Confucian school. During the Period of the Warring states, he traveled widely throughout China as a political advisor.
Chinese philosopher who refined the ideas of Confucius and spread them across China.
disengagement from active involvement in worldly affairs.
Daoist concept of a disengagement from the affairs of the world.
a legalist theorist .
Chinese philosopher who developed the doctrine of legalism.
early Mycenaean written script.
a determined commander and methodical planner who restored order throughout China and established himself at the head of a new dynasty.
7th emperor of the han dynasty who developed a strong, centralized, Confucian state.
Filial piety, which obliged children to respect their parents and other family elders, look after their welfare, support them in old age, and remember them along with other ancestors after their deaths.
the most important Daoist work. It was named after its author, the philosopher, which provided a well-reasoned compendium of Daoist views.
Nomadic people from the steppes of central Asia. Also superb horsemen.
"the great hero" expounded his thought to a group of disciples who formed a monastic order to perpetuate and spread his message. Turned the religion, Jainism, popular.
nonviolence to other souls
enlightened beings-individuals who had reached spiritual perfection and merited to reward of nirvana, but intentionally delayed their entry into nirvana to help others who were still struggling.
educational institution that promoted faith. Best know of all. It was possible to study not only buddhism but also the Vedas, Hindu philosophy, logic, mathematics, astronomy, and medicine.
the basic doctrine shared by Buddhists of all sects.
among the most influential of new religions. Believes that everything in the universe possessed a soul.
capital city of the indian mauryan and gupta empires.
where a central administration developed policies for the whole empire.
the guptas based this state a crucial region because of its wealth, its dominence of the ganges valley,and its role as intermediary between the various regions of the subcontinent.
servants of the Sparten state who were not slaves but neither were they free to leave the land.
athenian aristocrat who devised a solution to class conflict in attica
most popular athenian leader until his death.
sicily and southern italy which was originally a Greek colony called....
hellenistic philosophers who taught that pleasure as in quiet satisfaction was the greatest good.
hellinistic philosophers who encouraged their followers to lead active virtuous lives and to aid others.
one of the hellenistic empires who took greece and macedon when alexander died.
wealthiest of the hellenistic empires
elaborated a systematic philosophy of great subtlety.
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