Extracurricular participants tended to have better grades. Time spent on homework correlated positively with time spent in the ECA. Glory sports associated with delinquency, whereas leadership, clubs and performing had lowest deviance.
Participant observation related to ECAs which found that specific ECAs related to specific status cliques, reinforced gender roles (football vs. cheerleading) and power differences between the sexes.
Breakfast Club identities showed gender role appropriate activities were related to higher status crowds. ECAs associated with specific characters. Sports exposed people to riskier friends than clubs.
Two dimensions of autonomy: 1. Interpersonal distance 2. Agency
Best to be related, but autonomous.
Expectation, Violation and Realignment (EVR) as to changes that occur in autonomy for adolescents.
Altered expectations and hidden violations can change outcomes.
Kerr and Stattin
What parents know is what teens tell them. Teen disclosure is more important than teen monitoring.