SOC3523: Juvenile Delinquency Exam 2 Study Guide Chapters 4-6: Generally speaking, you should be able to explain why juveniles engage in delinquency according to each theory, the types of questions each theory can answer, and the main concepts associated with the theories. You should also be able to compare and contrast the theories with each other. Chapter 7 : Mar riage, divorce, and unmarried birth trends , and how these related to changes in family structure Family structure– Different types of family structures. What is the association between family structure and delinquency? What does research say? Family process– Different processes within the family. What is the association between family process and delinquency? What does research say? Diversity and family factors – differences across gender, race, and income for both family structure and family process Child maltreatment – what is it? How is it related to delinquency? Parental incarceration – how it impacts children/adolescents. Chapter 8 : What we know about the types of delinquency that exist in our schools The link between education and the likelihood to engage in delinquency Race, class, and gender differences in educational attainment, and how these differences might explain differences in delinquency Different types of bullying How our schools might help prevent or hinder the prevention of delinquency School-to-prison pipeline and zero tolerance policies – connection to delinquency Chapter 9 : Socialization and opportunity hypotheses to explain peers and delinquency Gender differences in peer influence Gangs – definitions, prevalence, race/gender differences in membership, different theories of gang violence/gang formation Girls and gangs Responses to gangs – how are gangs controlled or punished? Chapter 10: General trends in teen drug use, including gender and race differences in use How drug/ alcohol use is related to other forms of delinquency and other problems D ifferent programs a nd policies created to prevent/stop illegal youth drug use, W hich programs/policies are effective and why PDF: “ Community Correlates of Rural Youth Violence” Summary of major findings in report: which factors were related to crime in rural areas and which ones were not. Can social disorganization theory be used to understand rural youth violence? Why or why not? PDF: “The Saints and the Roughnecks” The Saints: who they were, what types of delinquency they engaged in and where they did it, their reputation at school and in the community The Roughnecks: who they were, what types of delinquency they engaged in and where they did it, their reputation at school and in the community Apply labeling theory to explain how each group’s behavior affected and was affected by the perceptions of others (teachers, members of the community), and how those perceptions shaped the outcomes (futures) experienced by members of the two groups PDF: “Bullying, Cyberbullying, and Suicide” by Hinduja and Patchin Purpose of the study What is the relationship between bullying and suicide ideation? Is the relationship different for bully offenders and bully victims? What about for cyberbullying and traditional bullying? PDF: “Navigating the Thin Line Between Education and Incarceration: An Action Research Case Study on Gang-Associated Latino Youth” by Rios What is action research? How did Rios conduct his study using action research? What were the study’s main findings/conclusions? (e.g., did it work and how, what did not work, what recommendations did the author make) PDF: “Predicting Success and Failure in Juvenile Drug Treatment Court: A Meta-Analytic Review” by Stein, Deberard , and Homan Which participant characteristics were associated with graduating from the treatment program? How do the authors recommend that courts, probation departments, and mental health service providers use the results related to gender and race? How can the results of this study be used to improve juvenile drug treatment courts?