A system in old English law in which members of a tithing, a group of ten families, pledged to be responsible for keeping order and bringing violators of the law to court.
The police function of controlling crime by intervening in situations in which the law has been clearly violated and the police need to identify and apprehend the guilty person.
The police function of preventing behavior that disturbs or threatens to disturb the public peace or that involves face to face conflict among two or more people. In such situations, the police exercise discretion in deciding whether a law has been broken.
The police function of providing assistance to the public, usually in matters unrelated to crime.
The process by which the rules, symbols, and values of a group or subculture are learned by its members.