When doing passive range-of-motion to an injured athlete's knee, the athletic trainer feels a springy block at the end of knee extension. This may indicate:
The application of mechanical forces, which may stem from within or outside of the body, to living organisms is called:
True/False: The specific location of a lesion in a musculotendinous unit can be identified by the use of an isometric contraction.
Which of the following is an abnormal end feel?
Which of the following visually studies a joint through the use of an injected opaque dye?
True/False: In soft-tissue approximation at the end of the range of motion, there is a feeling that further movement is being resisted by muscle bulk.
True/False: Electromyography is a graphic recording of the amount of electrical activity generated in a muscle when it contracts.
True/False: A sign is an objective measure; it is a definitive and obvious indicator for a specific condition.
True/False: Hyperactive reflexes are indicative of an upper motor neuron lesion.
True/False: Cerebral function controls purposeful coordinated movements such as touching ones finger to ones nose
Tongue movement, speech, and swallowing are functions of which of the following cranial nerves?
Which of the following is NOT included in the history portion of an injury evaluation?
Athlete tries to assess the movement of the injured part.
Sharp or burning pain is characteristic of what type of injury?
The spinal nerve that innervates the cutaneous pattern on the front of the shins and the medial side of the foot is:
True/False: To measure the range of motion of shoulder flexion with a goniometer, one places the stationary arm along the midaxillary line of the trunk in line with the greater trochanter of the femur. The moving arm is placed along the humerus and in line with the lateral condyle of the humerus.
According to Cyriax, if a muscle is weak and painless upon contraction it has:
a complete rupture
A muscle that can move a joint through its complete range of motion against gravity with some resistance is graded as:
True/False: A prognosis is a prediction of the course of the condition.
Movement that is performed solely by the athlete is called:
Muscular pain is often dull, aching, and referred to another area.
When using an AED, where are the pads placed on the chest?
Left apex and right base of the chest
True/False: When using a cane to assist an injured athlete with ambulation, the cane should be used on the same side as the injured limb.
True/False: It is always advisable to remove an athlete's helmet in case an airway problem develops.
When an athlete is being placed on a spine board, which of the following personnel is in control?
the person stablizing the victim's head
In an effort to accurately assess the extent of a musculoskeletal injury, it is vitally important to know:
mechanism of injury
True/False: The inability to move a body part can indicate a serious central nervous system injury that has involved the motor system.
How far must the sternum be depressed in an adult to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) effectively?
True/False: The NATA believes AED access should be a part of the emergency action plan only for high risk contact sports.
Which of the following ice treatments should not be directly applied to the skin of an individual?
frozen gel packs
An athlete's football helmet and chin strap should only be removed if the following is true:
all the above are correct
True/False: To open the victim's airway, lift up his/her chin or his/her neck and force the chin down.
Fractures of the shoulder complex should be immobilized using:
a sling and swathe
All the following are correct with regards to the AVPU Scale EXCEPT:
"V" signifies patient unable to verbalize responses to questions
Which of the following tools would NOT be recommended for facemask removal?
True/False: A venous hemorrhage is characterized by a rapid flow of blood escaping in rhythmic spurts.
True/False: When an injured person is not breathing, cardiac compression should be started immediately.
True/False: One performs the Heimlich maneuver for a conscious person by placing the thumb side of the grasped fist immediately below the xiphoid process of the victim's sternum.
When performing chest compressions on an adult, where does the rescuer place the heel of the hand?
Two fingers above the lower end of the sternum
When carrying out cardiopulmonary resuscitation, the first step to ensure the athlete's airway is open is to:
properly position the athlete's chin
When fitting an athlete with crutches it is necessary to place the arm pads into the axilla for proper stabilization while walking.
In transporting an athlete by stretcher, how many people will be needed to adequately support the athlete?
True/False: Swelling of an injured part is reduced by elevation of the part above the level of the heart. This reduces bleeding and encourages venous return
When one is controlling external bleeding, the sequence of events is as follows:
Apply direct pressure over the wound
The type of shock that results from trauma in which there is blood loss is called:
Cold application has been shown to do all of the following EXCEPT
When performing chest compressions on an adult, where does the rescuer place the heel of the hand?
Two fingers above the lower end of the sternum
True/False: In evaluating the mechanism of injury, the athletic trainer should first ask the athlete what he or she heard at the time of the injury.
True/False: In treating an individual for shock, one must not give them anything by mouth until a physician has determined that no surgical intervention is indicated.
True/False: For an athlete who has become unconscious and has an airway obstruction, you want to straddle the victim and push into his/her chest five times.
Which of these is not a symptom of shock?
patient has a verys low pulse
When dealing with an unconscious athlete, the first action that must be taken is:
determine the level of consciousness and unresponsiveness
True/False: The physician does not play a part in the emotional well-being of the athlete because he/she may not be as familiar with the athlete.
True/False: Injury may affect an athlete as much psychologically as it does physiologically.
the first step in arm relaxation is to:
True/False: During emotional first aid the athletic trainer must provide comfort, care, and communication.
All of the following are signs of sudden exercise abstinence syndrome EXCEPT
irregular respiratory weight
True/False: If an athlete is experiencing burnout, he/she begins to have a negative self concept, a negative attitude and a loss of concern for the feelings of others.
True/False: When an athlete is physically ready to return to participation, it is always advisable for him/her to progress in small increments eventually returning to full participation.
Injury and or illness are stressors and the athlete's ability to cope with these stressors depends on the athlete's:
True/False: Personality disorders are pathological disturbances of short duration that usually can be traced to an event that occurred during adolescence.
The method of relaxation characterized by recognizing muscular tension and consciously releasing that tension is the method.
Personality disorders include all of the followingEXCEPT:
True/False: Acute stress leads to an increase in epinephrine from the adrenal cortex.
Who developed a system to change an individual's irrational ideas and beliefs?
True/False: The athlete who enters a contest while angry, frustrated, or discouraged is less prone to injury than the individual who is going all out in the competition.
True/False: To ensure that there is a maximum positive response, all aspects of the rehab process must be explained in layman's terms to the athlete.
True/False: Staleness is both an emotional and a physiological condition.
True/False: Part of an athlete's reaction to injury is a lost sense of belonging and a feeling of separation from teammates.
Which of the following is an outward sign of an overreaction to an injury?
Which of the following nerve fibers transmit impulses from nocioceptors toward the brain?
The intent of using nonsteriodal anti-inflammatory drugs to aid in healing is to:
depress the perception of pn
True/False: It has been suggested that lymphocytes, although not normally phagocytic, may be used to stimulate fibroblasts to heal and eliminate scar tissue.
Which of the following neurotransmitters is active in descending pathways?
Avascular necrosis is a condition commonly found in the in _______ which there is a(n).
hip, poor blood supply
True/False: All body tissues are considered to be soft tissue.
True/False: Chemical mediators limit the amount of exudate and swelling after an injury.
True/False: Acute inflammation in bone healing usually lasts 24 hours
True/False: In bone healing, a fibrous callus is first laid down at the fracture site; this changes into cartilage and finally into lamellar bone.
Which of the following signs is not present during the inflammatory response phase?
Which of the following is not a common type of referred pain seen in athletes?
visceral sympathetic pn
True/False: During the inflammatory response phase of healing vasoconstriction causes swelling and redness.
Which of the following has the best capacity for regeneration?
The constant ongoing remodeling of bone is caused by the:
osteoblasts and osteoclasts
True/False:During the fibroplastic repair phase there is a growth of endothelial capillary buds in response to a lack of oxygen.
True/False: Granulation tissue consists of collagen, elastin, and ground substance.
When leukocytes line up along the wall of the blood vessel it is called:
The process of ingesting microorganisms, other cells, or foreign particles commonly performed by monocytes is called:
True/False: Regeneration of nerve cells occurs once the nerve cell dies.
True/False: The size of a callus at the fracture site of a bone is proportional to the damage and amount of irritation to the fracture site.
All of the following are functions of bone EXCEPT:
True/False: Tenosynovitis is an inflammation of the sheath covering the tendon.
True/False: A first-time dislocation should be treated as a possible fracture.
True/False:Osteoclasts build new bone, while osteoblasts break down bone to repair fractures and increase the diameter of bone.
True/False: Tendons are resistant to acute injury; they will pull away from the bone or cause the muscle to tear before they become injured.
The osteoblasts that provide for bone growth and repair are located in the ______ of the bone.
A force that, with enough energy, crushes tissue is a force.
True/False: Bending strain occurs parallel to the length of a bone where compressive and tensile forces are present.
One of the causes of osteochondrosis in which circulation has been disrupted is;
True/False: An oblique fracture is caused by the combination of torsion and twisting on a fixed or stabilized bone.
True/False: Acute nerve inflammation also known as neuritis can create paresthesias and even paralysis.
Which of the following is a common apophyseal injury?
After repeated joint sprains or microtraumas, a chronic inflammatory condition may occur called:
true/false: Stress fractures that occur on the compression side of the bone heal more rapidly than those on the tension side.
True/False: Repeated joint trauma can lead to pain, thickening of the synovium, and joint weakness.
True/False: Any process that changes the mechanics of a joint can eventually lead to osteoarthritis.
Three-point bending causes __________ on the concave side and __________ on the convex side of the tissue.
Which of the following injuries is due to microtrauma or abnormal repeated stress?
True/False: In cancellous bone the interspersed lamellae fill the spaces between adjacent haversian systems.
True/False: The fibrous wrapping of a muscle may become a flat aponeurosis and attach to other muscles.
Epiphyseal growth plate injuries have been classified into five types by:
True/False: Avulsion fractures are common when bone tissue is weaker than the tendon or ligament attaching onto it.
Which of the following conditions is characterized by pain and discomfort during and immediately after exercise?
acute onset muscle soreness
All of the following are qualities of a synovial jointEXCEPT:
True/False: A unique characteristic of ligaments and joint capsules is their rapid healing process because of the rich blood supply feeding the joint.
True/False: DOMS intensity peaks after 24-48 hours and then gradually decreases.
Which of the following is an internal reaction or resistance of tissue that is also known as deformation?
A fracture that occurs on the side opposite to the point at which trauma was initiated is a(n) fracture.
Which Salter-Harris growth plate injury involves a separation of the growth plate and a small portion of the metaphysis?
True/False: The two most common sites for ectopic calcification are the quadriceps muscle and the triceps muscle.
Which of the following conditions elicits a "jump sign" and is characterized by local tenderness with a referred pain pattern?
active myofascial trigger point
True/False: Hyaline cartilage has no direct blood supply but receives ample nourishment from the synovial membrane located at its edges.
When taping the elbow to prevent hyperextension, it should be positioned:
With the elbow at 90° of flexion with the palm up
In football, no face protector should have less than:
True/False: Football provides more opportunities for body contact than hockey, but hockey players create greater impact forces
When one is fitting a football helmet all must be considered EXCEPT:
the player's hair is dry
True/Fals: Do not apply tape if the skin is cold or hot from a therapeutic treatment.
When fitting shoulder pads, the inside shoulder pad should cover the:
tip of the shoulder in direct line w/the lateral aspect of the shoulder
True/False: Photochromic lenses refer to the ability of glass lenses to become color tinted when exposed to ultraviolet rays from the sun.
True/False: The sling and swathe combination is designed to stabilize the arm following shoulder dislocation or fracture
True/False: The more acute the angles on the body part being taped, the narrower the tape width that should be used.
True/False: When one is taping a contused hand, the fingers are held side by side so the anchor can be securely fastened.
What common injury listed below would be treated by constructing a protective pad?
To apply an elastic bandage correctly:
apply pressure uniformly and firmly, but not too tightly
The McConnell technique for patellofemoral taping accomplishes correction of patella positioning and tracking by the evaluation of all of the followingEXCEPT:
range of patella grind
Where maximum support is desired, tape:
directly to the skin
When taping an ankle for chronic instability, the foot position should be:
neutral (at a 90° angle)
True/False: When tape is applied, it is only important that it provide the most support possible for the injury the athlete has sustained.
True/False: Tape is normally graded according to its price and color.
Which of the following will hold the tape securely in place?
The LowDye technique is used to support the:
Adhesive tape continuously wrapped around a body part:
may cause constriction
Which type of shoe should be most flexible at the ball of the foot and have a larger heel flare?
True/False: If an athletic trainer modifies a piece of protective equipment and an athlete sustains a severe injury he/she can be held liable
True/False: When wrapping the extremities, circulation should be checked after the bandage is in place.
True/False: Soccer athletes should wear headgear to reduce the incidence of concussions.
True/False: Cantilevered shoulder pads are bulkier, giving better protection in blocking and tackling
True/False: When taping an ankle that has sustained an inversion injury, the stirrups should be pulled from the outside of the ankle towards the inside of the ankle.
White Adhesive tape is graded according to:
Number of longitudinal and vertical fibers per inch of backin
A disadvantage of contact lenses is the possibility of:
eye irritation caused by dust getting under the lens
A taping technique for the ankle that is designed to give freedom of movement and allows room for swelling is the:
True/False: A commercial ankle brace provides less restraint of ankle motion and is therefore not as effective as tape for stability.
The space between the top of the faceguard and lower edge of the helmet should be:
True/False: When an elastic bandage is about to be placed on a body part, the loose end extends from the bottom of the roll, the top of the loose end is then placed on the part and held in position to begin the unrolling around the injured area.
True/False: The practice of passing worn-out equipment to younger or less skilled athletes must be discouraged.
The organization responsible for helmet certification standards is:
National Operating Committee on Standards for Athletic Equipment
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