According to the ATTL, in its dealings with other countries, the U.S. uses mostly:
ATTR, what paradigm views international relations as a class struggle between the world's rich and poor rather than a contest between nation-states?
During the "Cold War", what percentage of communist countries' foreign trade was with Western countries?
Foreign policy scholars' "levels of analysis" which are "conditions external to the state that are present in the international system surrounding it"?
ATTR, for what does IGO stand?
Military, economic, or diplomatic interference by one country in another ocuntry's territory or internal affairs is called what?
What countries border North Korea?
only South Korea, China, and Russia
What was NOT an assertion made in the readings?
There is no need to make trade-off decisions of the "guns versus butter" variety
True or False(ATTR): "International Politics is the study of who gets what, when, and how in the international arena."
Three types of foreign policy
Macro-decisions Micro-decisions Crisis Decisions
relatively large/general concerns designed to establish guidelines for "rule of thumb" make an anticipated decision lengthy time frame large variety of domestic political actors
"administrative" decisions May or may not involve element of surprise and lengthy deliberation narrow in scope low threat seriousness lower levels of the government bureaucracy
Crisis Decision Characteristics
High degree of threat Finite time frame to reach a decision involvement of very highest level of foreign policy establishment in decision Entails a sufficiently serious problem to command the intense, sustained attention of the top leadership
a nation-state or national government
Rational Actor Model Process
Define the situation Specify the goal(s) Consider all possible alternative means of achieving goal(s) Select the final alternative calculated to maximize achievement of the goal(s) Take the necessary action to implement the decision
Meetings between heads of state
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)
Designed to facilitate the reduction of international trade barriers.
Universal Postal Union (UPU)
facilitates the flow of mail across national boundaries through fixing weight limits and maximum postage rates and developing procedures to expedite mail delivery
No more than a dozen each essentially a separate IGO has own membership, budget, secretariat, and decision-making machinery
the main deliberative body in which the entire UN membership is represented and which is authorized by the Charter to deal with a broad range of political, economic, and social issues
emphasize that certain sectors of intergovernmental cooperation are more likely candidates for spillover than others because they create not only a desire but a need for ever more ambitious cooperation across issue-areas
refers to those issues involving the most crucial and the most controversial interests of states
refers to those issues that are relatively narrow, technical, and noncontroversial.
interactions between private individuals and groups across national boundaries, have existed since the very beginnings of the nation-state system
protection under international law to all individuals on the globe, regardless of whether they are aliens or nationals
Government seizure of foreign-owned property or assets.
practices that have been widely accepted as binding by states over time as evidenced by repeated usage.
Theory of hegemonic stability
large scale wars involving major powers tend to produce among the victors a dominant power (hegemon) capable of maintaining a degree of order over the international system as a whole.
involving matters of racial, cultural, or religious group identity.
Sustained armed combat between the organized military forces of at least two countries
refusing to export needed goods to another state
Refusing to import goods from another state
nature of international bargaining and the way in which cooperation can occur amid conflict
structured so that what one party wins, the other party automatically loses Conflict is total
both parties can simultaneously win something, even though one might benefit more than the other
one seeks to persuade the other side to do something it does not wish to do, either to undertake or continue some disired behavior, or to sop some desired behavior
one seeks to discourage the other side from doing something it might wish to do
ATTL: True or False: Vietnam was a Civil War.
How many international agreements have been signed since the 20th century?
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