-Small kin based group, usually foragers in foraging societies, only nuclear families and bands.
-Example- Inuit, San
-economies based on non-intensive food production (horticulture/pastoralism), -Organize in kin groups based on common descent (clans, lineages)
-Based on formal government structure and sociopolitical stratification, began about 5500 years ago in Mesopotamia, large and populous, population controls (boundaries, citizenship, census, etc), laws, taxation, permanent military and police. Kinship role is diminished, different rights to different people.
-Economic status (weatlth) - person's material assets, income, land, etc.
-Power - ability to exercise ones will over others gives political staus.
-Prestige (social status) - esteem, respect, gives people a sense of worth and respect that can be converted into economic advantage.
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