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What are the 7 principles of design
The equal distribution of visual weight on either side of a central axis
how is visual weight measured?
by the eye
t/f - bold, dense forms, large sizes, dark colors, and coarse textures have greater visual weight than their opposites
two major categories of balance...
______ balance means equal visual weight distribution on each side of an imaginary vertical center line
which type of balance is formal
______ balance is created using unequal visual weights distributed at unequal distances from the central axis
t/f in an asymmetrical design, the two sides may be distinctly different but they DO NOT have to have equal visual weight
false - they must have equal visual weight
the equal distribution of physical weight along a central vertical plane (important in balance)
the center of interest and visual activity is called the...
focal point or focal area
the focal area is usually located where?
just above the rim of the container and is where the largest flowers are placed closely without crowding
generally, a focal point is created when one element _____ from all others in the design. Emphasis by contrast. The ______ creates the focus
_____ deals with the size relationship between the different components within an arrangement
the height of the arrangement is typically at least
1 1/2 to 2 times the height of the container
what deals with the size relationship of an arrangement to its setting or what is around it
the feeling of motion in a well designed arrangement
name 4 attributes that can be used to achieve good rhythm
the process of selecting combinations of materials, or elements, that are suitable for the design's intended purpose
a oneness/togetherness that results when all parts of the design are compatible and work well with each other and with their surroundings
3 ways to create unity
the materials used to control the placement of flowers, foliage and accessories are collectively called....
some things to consider when choosing a container...
the mechanic that is used to make a flower stay in a specific place in an arrangement
the most widely used material for supporting flowers in arrangements is
waterproof floral tape
hot melt glue
for optimum vase life, flowers and foliage should be _______ as soon after arriving
loss of water thru leaf stomata creates suction, which then pulls water up thru xylem
how do u prevent air embolisms
best pH to cut flowers?
3.2 - 4.5
floral preservatives consist of 3 basic ingredients...
____ prolongs the life of the flowers by supplying food that the living plant tissues need
______ reduces the pH level of the water to create the ideal acidic level to cut flowers
______ kills microorganisms that clog the vascular tubes in the stem and interfere with water uptake
the ______ the temp, the faster the flowers will die
temperatures of ___ - _____ are recommended for storing most flowers. Tropical flowers store best at ____ - _____
32 - 35
55 - 60
the most effective way to control indoor plant diseases is to....
prevent them before they get started
common plant problems...
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