the animal ecofacts found in archaeolgical contexts, including bone, teeth, antler, ivory, shell, scales, and the like
a taxonomic group containing wone or more related species
a taxonomic group whose members can interbreed
What are some basic questions that faunal remains can answer
Whether the animals were scavanged, hunted, or herded, how the animal was butchered, how much meat contibuted to the diet, when the animal died, the process of domestication, young v old, male v female
what do the age groups present tell us
it can tell us when the hunting took place
any substantial accumulation of garbage or waste at a locus of human activity; archeological deposits of trash and/ or shells that accumulate in heaps and mounds. A shell midden is a specific type of midden composed largely of mollusk shells
The number of identified specimens, the number of bones from a species that has been identified
minimum number of individuals, which is based on counts of the number of distinctive parts from a particular species
What sort of questions can be answered by determining an animals sex?
role of herding, seasonalilty
size difference between the males and females of the same specis
members of the dear family
annual deposits of cementum around the base of teeth
list some clear age markers from a skeleton
lformation of antler, certan teeth, regular increase of size w/ age
the time of year a site was occupied, part of an annual cycle, usually related to hunter-getherer settlement patterns
the study of what happens to an organism after its death, including decomposition, postmortem transport, burial, and the biologica, pusical and chemical changes
changes in the exterior surface on a bone that indicates conditions of deposition
physical and chemical changes in bone after burial
both food and nonfood materials and energy that come from domestic animals in addition to meat ex: milk, bllod, wool, leather
a term coined to describe what might have been the earliest tools; lack of modification makes them impossible to identify
Why can't we identify osteodontokeratic tools? Are they tools?
Osteodotokeratic tools were not modified in any way, making them impossible to identify in the record. As they were not modified, they cannot technically be called tools.
What sort of things were shellfish used for?
food, beads, fishhooks, pottery temper, lime, construction materials, money, etc
What do shells allow us to study?
diet, the local habitat, climate (like changes in water temperature) and seasonality
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