A group of candidates and elected officials organized under a common label for the purpose of attaining positions of public authority.
Officials who oversee the operation of their party nationwide.
National Party Convention
The meeting where the party formally nominates its presidential candidate.
A person who works directly for the party, is loyal to its goal of winning elections, and stays with it over long periods through multiple election cycles.
An issue activist who is mostly interested in specific policy areas and works for the party, or for specific politicians within the party, to advance those goals.
A situation in which party elites make important decisions away from the scrutiny or influence of party membership.
An election held before Election Day to allow voters to select which candidates will appear on the ballot under a party label.
Party Identification (Partisanship)
A psychological attachment or loyalty to a political party.
A local organization that controls the city or county government to such an extent that it can reward whole neighborhoods, wards, and precincts, or other groups with benefits, such as jobs and government programs, in return for supporting the party's candidates.
New Deal Party System
A political alliance between southern Democrats, big-city Democrats, rural voters, and African Americans that endured for several decades after the election of Franklin Delano Roosevelt in 1932.
A regularity that only two parties tend to compete for control of the government in countries that have single-member, plurality electoral systems.
The tendency for members of a legislative party to vote as a bloc.
A vote held in a parliamentary system that, if it fails, brings on an election and possibly a new set of party leaders.
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