Criteria for a Properly Basic Belief
Indefeasible (in the absence of defeaters)
Prima Facie Justified (self-presenting at face value)
The basing relationship between non-basic and basic beliefs is not as strict: induction, abduction, concurrence
Basic beliefs make non-basic beliefs probable but not certain.
Some moderate foundationalists do not believe one needs to access basic beliefs or be aware of structural relationship to be justified (externalism).
The structure of one’s system of beliefs
All beliefs fall into two categories: basic and non-basic
Some beliefs are more foundational then other beliefs.
The most foundational beliefs are properly basic beliefs
Properly basic beliefs are first principles needing no justification; they are self-justifying; first principles
the position that has come to be termes “strong foundationalism” or “classical foundationism” attempts to meet the uncertainty generated by liability to error and disagreement in the strongest possible terms: by grounding our entire edifice of knowledge on invincible certainty.
(i.e. “the whole is greater than the parts”)
All beliefs fall into one category,No beliefs are more foundational then any others.
I have introspective access to the reasons for my beliefs to which I can and must appeal as justification for my beliefs Definition: Justification requires that one be able to have internal access (through reflection) to one’s reasons that support one’s beliefs.
Allows for abduction and concurrence
Beliefs don’t need to be grounded in other beliefs
A belief is warranted or has positive epistemic status if it is formed by properly functioning cognitive processes even if I am not aware of such processes
is a condition that occurs when one’s cognitive faculties are working reliably.
Justification is simply the result of my belief being in right relation to the world whether I am aware of it or not.
an object exists due to fact its existence best explains the data with which we are confronted; its reducable to neither induction nor deduction.
evidence strengthen in the way they are interlocked together; a strength when combined exceeds what they have in isolation
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