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•Caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae infection (Gonococcus, GC)
Fermentation Glucose: POSITIVE
Catalase Test: POSITIVE
Oxidase Test: POSITIVE
Type IV Pilus
Which are most commonly associated with Otitis media?
A 17-year-old male presents with redness, pain and swelling of the left leg. The pain has now spread upward and involved the left thigh. The attending physician notices early signs of abscess formation and accumulation of pus at the site of infection. The purulent exudate is sent for culture, which reveals Gram-negative, bipolarly staining coccobacilli. What is the most likely cause?
Three major groups of Gram+ rods
A 10-year old Afghani boy presents with a 2-day history of fatigue, sore throat, hoarseness, nasal discharge and difficulty swallowing. Physical exam reveals cervical lymphadenopathy, mild pharyngeal erythema and presence of white exudates and adherent gray pseudomembrane. Which of the following statements is correct?
None of the doctors and nurses who had cared for the patients with inhalational anthrax victims of the 2001 bioterrorism attack in the United States contracted the disease. The most likely explanation is that?
A 3-day-old infant displays signs of lethargy, fever, sensitivity to light and intracranial swelling. The attending physician makes a rapid diagnosis of bacterial meningitis and orders immediate testing to identify the causative organism. The organism responsible showed a narrow zone of beta-hemolysis on Blood agar, was Gram-positive, non-motile and catalase negative. The organism tested positive for CAMP factor production. The most likely causative agent was:
A 14-year-old boy presents at the local clinic with a erythematous lesion with black necrotic center on his right arm. The area surrounding the lesion is red and swollen. The patient is also experiencing pain, fever and lymphadenopathy. A patient history reveals he visited his Father’s place of work, a wool-sorting facility 3 days prior to the lesion appearing.
Large volume, watery diarrhea suspect
Both S. dysenteriae and EHEC can cause HUS --> differentiate by
A 37-year-old female has developed inflammation of the knees, ankles, feet and wrists, accompanied by conjunctivitis and frequent and painful urination. Her history is unremarkable except for a diarrheal episode she had a few weeks earlier. Which of the following is known to be associated with her condition?
3 types of streptococcus:
Three major presentations of strep
ACUTE GLOMERULONEPHRITIS (AGN):
A 50-year-old man who had received an artificial heart valve developed an acute endocarditis. Blood cultures grew Gram-positive cocci in clusters that were found to be coagulase negative. What was the most likely cause?
The development of toxic shock syndrome is typically associated with infection with which of the following bacterial pathogens:
1. Staphylococcus aureus & Streptococcus pneumoniae
2. Streptococcus pyogenes & Staphylococcus aureus
3. Streptococcus agalactiae & Streptococcus pyogenes
4. Streptococcus pneumoniae & Staphylococcus saprophyticus
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