were advisors to Woodrow Wilson that advocated a pro-British policy of support.
William Jennings Bryan
Democratic and Populist candidate for President in 1896 who advocated a policy of free silver.
Treaty of Versailles
Treaty between Germany and the Allied Powers at the end of World War I.
League of Nations
an association of countries established in 1919 by the Treaty of Versaillesto promote international cooperation and achieve internationalpeace and security.
The Red Scare
Americans' fear of communism
A style of music characterized by the use of improvisation.
Creation of national organizations of businessmen. Through trade associations, entrepreneurs could stabilize trade.
Hawley Smoot Tariff Act 1930
Raised Tariffs on incoming goods. This pushed away importation by other countries causing a higher demand for local domestic goods.
Social Security Act of 1935
The first federal welfare legislation for workers; initiated the American welfare state; included programs for retired workers, the unemployed, and dependent children
Civilian Conservation Corps
created in the United States during the Great Depression to protect the environment and provide employment
Public works administration
Promoted recovery by hiring workers for thousands of public works projects
National Industrial Recovery Act, 1933
-sought to combat the Great Depression by fostering government-business cooperation
-allowed businesses to regulate themselves
-NRA did not succeed
National Recovery Administration ( NRA).
established in 1933, promoting economy recovery, ending wage and price deflation, restoring competition by setting up business codes and quotas.
Tennessee Valley Authority
First Government owned corporation. Started to create jobs and build dams in the Tennessee River Valley to supply electricity to poorer areas after the depression.
Russo-German Non-Aggression Pact (1939)
Signed in Moscow by Germany and Soviet Union. Stated each state was to remain neutral if attacked by third party. Remained in effect until Germany invaded the Soviet Union.
"cash & carry" policy
President Roosevelt asked Congress to allow the Allies to buy American arms. The Allies would pay cash in advance and then carry the goods on their own ships.
Lend-Lease Act 1941
permitted the US to lend or lease arms and other supplies to the allies, signifying increasing liklihood of American involvement in WW2
The Allied invasion of Axis-held North Africa in 1942
Code name for the Battle of Normandy, the operation that launched the invasion of German-occupied western Europe during World War II by Allied forces
General George C. Marshall
Army chief of staff during WWII; supported plan of Allied invasion of France
Ernest J. King
Commander in Chief, United States Fleet and Chief of Naval Operations (COMINCH-CNO) during World War II.
Commander of the United States Army forces in Asia
Chester W. Nimitz
Commander of the US naval forces in the Pacific and brilliant strategist of the "island-hopping" campaign
created an alliance between Germany, Italy, and Japan in September 1941. The pact stated that the countries would go to war with a nation that attacked the other that was not already involved in the conflict.
Works progress administration
An agency established as a part of the second new deal that provided the unemployed with a job in construction, garment making teaching, the arts, and other fields
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