Last Modified: 2011-07-06
Related Textbooks:Readings in Multicultural Psychology
What are the explanations as to why the Stroop effect is difficult?
hard to ignore what we read and determine color of word instead
ex. someone is boring and talking to you- you keep up with the convo but are listening to a more interesting one
What are the 2 main purposes of consciousness?
controlling- ex. you figure out you are depressed because you don't go out so you decide to go out
information that could easily become conscious but that is not continuously available. Ex: you can remember what your bedroom looks like
- automatic behaviors: those that require no conscious decisions about which muscles to move or which actions to take. Ex: dialing a familiar phone number
How have researchers demonstrated preconscious processes?
you may believe that experiences in your dream are true but awake you would never believe it
restoration- to resupply depleted sources
as a baby sleep 17 hrs
as adult 8 hrs
stage 2- spend 1/2 sleep in this stage- spindle/k-complex
stage 3 and stage4- deep sleep delta waves
**stages 1-4 NREM sleep***
stage 5- REM sleep-dreams- theta waves
and loses consciousness for 10-15 min of time
walk and talk around with eyes open-vision impaired
"royal road to unconscious"
ex. women and divorce
What are three theories of hypnosis and the evidence for each?
2)exists as secondary outcome
2)skill of hypnotist and relationship with individual
3)effectiveness of procedure for inducing hypnosis
4)what the individual is being asked to do
2)CNS depressants-downers, depress the operation of central nervous system (alchie)
3)CNS stimulants- uppers that excite central nervous system- caffeine
What happens to a person at different levels of alcohol concentrations?
.10 impaired- drunk
.20 grave dysfunction
.40+ serious risk of death
ex. vehicle: car, bus, train
-easy to spot
heuristic- strategy for simplifying problem
ex. remember more plane crashes than car crashes so you think it happens more often
fixedness: tendency to stick to one way of approaching a problem or single way of using item
Wernicke's- condition marked by difficulty recalling the names of objects and impaired comprehension of language
6 months- more distinct babbling
1 year- babbling that resembles the typical sounds
1.5-can say words, mostly nouns
2- speak in 2 word phrases
2.5- longer phrases/ short sentences
3- vocab near 1000 words
4 close to adult speech
dis-takes longer to master, confuse words
saccade: quick jump in the focus of the eyes from one point to another
axons deliver messages (covered in myelin sheath)
uninfluenced by experience
knowledge and abilities developed over time/acquired
creative- think outside of box
practical- street smarts
aptitude- tests potential
construct- measures how a test applies a particular scheme
predictive- measures how a test predicts success
norm group- reference group that all test takers are compared
deviation IQ- intelligence score that is derived from determining where performance sits in an age based group
it is unspoken practical knowledge on how to do a job
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