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The neural plate is a patch of...
A developing cell is capable of developing into any type of cell in the organism is called...
The neural groove develops into the neural...
By 40 days after conception, three swellings become visible at the anterior end of the human neural tube. The most anterior of these swellings eventually develops into the...
Most cell division in the developing neural tube occurs in the...
Proceeds from ventricular zone in straight line outward toward the outer wall of the neural tube
There seem to be two different mechanisms of neural migration: glial-mediated migration and...
At 24 days after conception, the precursor cells of the PNS are visible in the developing embryo. This structure is the neural...
Cell adhesion molecules are thought to mediate...
Growth cones extend and retract finger-like extensions as if they were feeling their way. These extensions are called...
Sperry's experiments on eye-rotation in frogs led to an influential hypothesis that explains how growth cones find their way to their targets: the...
In frogs, salamanders, and other simple vertebrates, retinal ganglion cells project primarily to the...
Unsuccessful competition for neurotrophins
Evidence suggests that many neurons die during development because of...
Focus the output of each neuron on fewer postsynaptic cells
The general effect of synapse rearrangement is to...
Synaptogenesis, myelination, increased dendritic branching
The human brain grows after birth because of...
Plays a role in working memory, planning and carrying out sequences of action, and inhibiting responses that are inappropriate in the current situation
Do not survive
Neurons and synapses that are not activated by experience usually...
Were thinner, had less dendritic branching, and had fewer synapses per neuron
In comparison to the cortices of rats that had been reared in enriched environments, the cortices of rats that had been reared by themselves in barren cages...
A few days of early monocular deprivation produces a massive decrease in the axonal ? of lateral geniculate nucleus neurons that normally conduct signals from the deprived eye.
A corresponding shift in the auditory topographic map in the tectum
Knudsen and Brainard (1991) raised barn owls with vision-displacing prisms over their eyes. This led to the development of...
In mammals, adult neurogenesis occurs in the...
Musicians who finger stringed instruments
The area of somatosensory cortex in the right hemisphere was found to be bigger in...
Most likely to lead to a cerebral hemorrhage
Cerebral ischemia is a disruption of the supply of ? to the ?
A disorder in which fat deposits cause the walls of blood vessels to thicken and reduce blood flow is...
When there is a disturbance of consciousness following a blow to the head and there is no evidence of physical damage, the diagnosis is...
Cell death produced by activation of a cell's genetic program for suicide is called
At which epileptic discharges spontaneously arise and spread to the other sites
An epileptic focus is a site in the brain of an epileptic patient...
A correlate of petite mal seizures
The 3-per-second spike and wave is...
Dopamine in the substantia nigra and striatum
The major neurochemical correlate of Parkinson's disease is a reduction of...
The symptoms of Parkinson's disease are temporarily alleviated in some patients by injections of...
Associated with damage to the myelin of the CNS
Neurofibrillary tangles and amyloid plaques
Major neuropathological correlates of Alzheimer's disease are...
Influenced by several genes
Genetic studies of Alzheimer's disease suggest that it is...
After the axon of a standard multipolar neuron is cut, the cell body sometimes degenerates. This is called ? degeneration.
Degeneration of neurons in the visual cortex after damage to the retina is an example of ? degeneration.
Receive stimulation and guidance from Schwann cells
Evidence suggests that mammalian PNS neurons are capable of accurate regeneration only if they...
Inhibit neural regeneration.
Healthy axons sometimes respond to the degeneration of adjacent axons by developing ? that grow to the synaptic sites that have been abandoned by the degenerating axons.
Strengthening of existing connections by release from inhibition and establishment of new connections by collateral sprouting
Reorganization of neural circuits after damage to the mammalian brain is thought to occur largely through the...
Schwann cell sheaths
Regeneration of CNS neurons has been promoted by implanting...
Fetal substantia nigra cells
Several clinical case studies have found that Parkinson's patients improve following transplants of ?, but the treatment remains controversial.
Phantom limbs are experienced by...
A mild retrograde amnesia for events of the 2 years preceding the surgery
Following his surgery, H.M. seemed to experience...
Can form no new episodic long-term memories.
H.M.'s main problem seems to be that he...
The mediodorsal nuclei, which are often damaged in cases of Korsakoff's amnesia, are nuclei of the...
In the brains of Alzheimer's patients, the level of ? is greatly reduced.
Has amnesic effects similar to those produced by concussion
Electroconvulsive shock is commonly used in studies of memory because it...
Temporarily stores long-term memories
It is widely believed that the hippocampus...
Delayed nonmatching-to-sample in rats
The Mumby-box is an apparatus that has been frequently used to study...
Monkey and rat experiments suggest that ? damage contributes substantially to the amnesic effects of bilateral medial-temporal lobectomy.
Hippocampal lesions in rats reliably disrupt the performance of tasks that involve memory for...
Hippocampal cells that become active only when the subject is in particular locations are called...
Food caching species of birds tend to have ? hippocampi than non-food-caching species.
According to the cognitive map theory, the hippocampus is specialized for storing...
Thought to store memories for visual images
Working memory and memory for the temporal order of events
Patients with prefrontal cortex damage display deficits in...
The amygdala appears to be involved in the ? component of memory, whereas the cerebellum appears to be involved in the ? component.
Thought to store memories for consistent relationships between stimuli and responses and the type of memories that develop incrementally over many trials (habit formation)
Long-term potentiation has been most frequently studied in the...
The NMDA receptor is a type of ? receptor
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