Last Modified: 2014-07-02
2. Boats: little archaeological evidence
What: Archaeological site in Chile
When: Dated to 11,000 BCE
Where: Caves in Chile
Significance: The date casts doubt on the land bridge theory of human migration, and points to the pacific route theory.
- still hunting large animals, beginning of broad based subsistence
- 8000 BC - Gourds and squash
- 5000 BC - Chile and amaranth
- 4000 BC - Maize and beans
- used flood/rainwater, no irrigation
- 1 of 3 major cities of Olmec civilization (oldest)
- Major center from 1200-900 BCE
- Best known for Olmec Heads
- platforms thought to be ceremonial sites, ppl may have lived there as well
- dont rely on agriculture
new forms of political/religious rituals (sacrifice)
earliest forms of writing
nobles named for date of birth
Located hill top
Depicted on stone slabs at San Jose Mogote and Monte Alban, Oaxaca
1. Humble beginnings: from refugees to Triple Alliance 1434
2. Tenochtitlán, the island capital: Location? Size? Description?
3. Military conquests, tribute, human sacrifice, social classes
4. Brief duration until Spanish invasion by H. Cortez
- Capital city in Aztec Empire
- Waters protected the capital on all sides
- The lake the capital is built around provides the capital with agriculture
- During the dry season cultivators used water from the canals to harvest crops
- Capital was linked to the mainland by the causeways patrolled by Mexica
• On plains, made by removing stones from surface
• Design elements similar to those on ceramics and textiles
• Geometric and animal figures
- largest of pre-columbian americas, grew quickly>instability
- macho pichu
- no writing
- sun god, inti
- cuzco: imperial capital
- Multiple elevation=diverse diet
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