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Artist Zhang Zeduan painted a scroll depicting what Chinese city?
What dynasty took over China after the fall of the Sui?
What sect of Christianity had established itself in China by the Han and Tang dynasties?
During the Tang dynasty, what beverage was introduced into China and became an important part of Chinese culture?
What Chinese city was the world's largest city in the seventh and eighth century?
What is Wu Chao best known for in Chinese history?
she was the only Tang woman to officially run the government
By the Tang dynasty, the civil service exams focused on studying what material?
Under the Tang, what became the dominant religion of China?
The “equal field system” was a Tang attempt to reform what?
What group in China did Emperor Wuzong persecute in the ninth century?
What technological innovation did the Tang create in the ninth century to spread Buddhist thought?
Although poetry was very popular in Tang China, poems were rarely written about what subject?
The poet Li Po was heavily influenced by what philosophy?
The poet Li Po is believed to have died how?
drowned while drunk
When the Tang collapsed, what Asian society was allowed to break free of Chinese control?
During the Song period, China had the world's largest cities, with at least five having populations over what?
In addition to coins, what other form of money did the Song have?
Under the Song, the Chinese were the first people to inoculate against what disease?
The Song introduced what to women's lives to increase their physical attractiveness?
Zhu Xi promoted what new philosophy in China?
In the thirteenth century, who conquered China?
By what name is Temuchin better known?
What religion did Khubilai Khan favor?
Where did the Mongols move the capital of China?
What did the Mongols expect of widows?
to remain chaste and unmarried
What international trade route did the Mongols restore and maintain?
The European explorer Marco Polo was from where?
According to Marco Polo, the Chinese burned what for heat, long before Europe learned to do so?
What more than doubled in China during the Ming dynasty?
In general, which of the following was true of the Ming emperors?
What form of music was most popular during the Ming?
What country did the Ming attempt, and fail, to reconquer?
Zheng Ho's voyages of discovery included all of the following places
Ming China saw itself as a “middle kingdom” surrounded by what?
Al-Mas'udi's travel accounts reveal a great deal about what international trade good in particular?
What region in Africa benefited the most from the trans-Saharan caravan trade?
What religion began to spread into the Sudan along the Saharan trade routes, beginning in the 800s?
The earliest known Sudanic kingdom was what?
Ghana became wealthy and powerful because it dominated the trans-Saharan trade of what?
The kingdom of Ghana was attacked in the eleventh century by what people?
In 1324 Mansa Musa of Mali went on a famous pilgrimage to where?
As Mansa Musa's pilgrimage caravan passed though Cairo, what happened to that city?
Mali controlled about two-thirds of the world's supply of what trade good?
When Ibn Battuta visited Mali in the fourteenth century, he thought what group acted immodestly according to the standards of Islam?
Under the Songhai, what Mali city continued to flourish as a center of Islamic thought
One of the reasons Sundiata acquired and held on to power was that he claimed to have special knowledge of what?
What remains today the most common trading language of the Sudan?
Unlike the rest of the Sudan, which was known for trading gold, the Hausa cities were known primarily for producing what for trade?
The kingdom of Oyo belonged to what society?
The Yoruba at Ife were renowned for what artistic creations?
What became the staple crop of the Bantus of the East African highlands?
Which of the following was not a Bantu city-state on the east coast of Africa?
Most of the city-states along the east coast of Africa had kings who claimed descent from either Persian or what other culture?
By the fourteenth century, the Bantu city-states along the east coast of Africa had mostly become what?
Over time, the Bantu and Arab cultures merged to create what new culture?
What Bantu kingdom's name means “houses built of stone”?
What were the Shona people known for?
Mbanga was the capital city of what Bantu state?
In many of the stateless societies of Africa, a woman's status was often determined by her ability to do what?
Among their other duties, slaves in the Hausa cities were expected to
In most African societies, the shamans also served in what capacity?
What kinds of musical instruments did most African societies favor?
What essential daily item was rare in tropical Africa and had to be imported from far away, often at high prices?
What region in Africa became the particular focus of the Portuguese, who were looking for gold and slaves to trade?
What social class increasingly became despised in Ming China, in spite of their profitability?
The Buddhist monk Xuan Zang, who explored India in the seventh century, was from where?
Which of the following did Xuan Zang criticize about seventh-century Indian society?
Although new religious and philosophical ideas usually mixed well with native Indian customs, which of the following was difficult to absorb?
Breaking the tendency of post-Gupta India to fragment, who briefly formed an empire in the seventh century?
What was the most common occupation for most of the Indian population?
In the villages of post-Gupta India, what divided the populations by neighborhoods?
The Parsee community of western India originated where?
What is the religion of the Parsee community of western India?
One group in Kerala, in southwestern India, practiced what marriage custom?
In general, Indian women gained more freedom when they did what?
What custom was common for widows, especially in northern India?
Among his many mathematical and scientific discoveries, Bhaskara also designed what to prove the Hindu belief in perpetual change?
Post-Gupta mathematical and scientific discoveries slowed down as Indian society became more
Men and women of India tended to view which deities as the most responsive to their needs?
What caste frequently served as advisers to kings?
What collection of religious hymns was translated by 1000 into regional languages of India?
What idea did Ramanuja contribute to Hindu thought?
Tantric sects developed within both Hinduism and what other religion?
Where in Asia did Buddhism become the primary political ideology?
Buddhism in Tibet was linked to the Buddhism of what other peoples in particular?
Most Central Asians came to accept Arab domination and Islam, especially after the Arabs defeated who at the Battle of Talas in 751?
Early encounters between Arabs and Hindus began with what?
One advantage the Muslim armies had over the Hindus was their mobility, thanks to their use of what animal in combat?
Much of northern India converted to Islam when what state was created there?
What is the significance of Raziya in Indian history?
What city was the capital of Tamerlane's Timurid Empire?
The Delhi Sultanate was destroyed when it was invaded by what society?
Some of the most effective Muslim missionaries in India were
languages that combined to make Urdu?
The city of Pagan, in Burma, was filled with opulent and elaborate buildings of what kind?
The kingdom of Angkor, in modern-day Cambodia, was founded by what people?
Angkor Wat was the largest example of what kind of building complex in the premodern world?
Throughout much of Southeast Asia, kings of places such as Java believed they were what?
A combined Vietnamese and Cham military force successfully prevented an invasion by what people in the thirteenth century?
What was the state religion of Siam?
Vietnam's imperial system was modeled on what other country?
The Nam Tien, or “drive to the south,” was an expansion of forces from the north to the south of what region?
Melaka became the center for the spread of Islam and the trade of what item?
Melaka was typical of Muslim trading states in Southeast Asia in that it became actively involved in what?
Who represented a destabilizing influence in Southeast Asia that altered the region
Who was crowned “Emperor of the Romans” on Christmas Day, 800?
Where was Charlemagne crowned emperor in 800?
What Germanic group was Charlemagne king of when he was crowned emperor?
What climatic change hampered agriculture in Europe between 500 and 900?
What was the original title of the pope?
Christian monasteries promoted what as an acceptable form of labor and as a type of prayer?
Pope Gregory I urged missionaries to use what in building new Christian altars?
What became the center of the Christian church in Anglo-Saxon England?
Who chose Pepin the Short to become king of the Franks in 753?
In the 756 “Donation of Pepin,” what did Pepin give to the pope?
When Charlemagne's empire was divided in 843, which of his grandsons inherited West Francia, or France?
What eventually became the name of the empire of Otto the Great?
Between 750 and 1200, what northern peoples raided the European mainland, attacking Christian churches and monasteries in particular?
What kind of government did the Vikings foster, such as the government created in Iceland in 930?
What Ural-Altaic peoples invaded Europe in the tenth century, only to settle in what is today Hungary?
Italian cities such as Naples and Milan were connected to what state economically?
Throughout the Middle Ages, most Europeans worked in what area?
What did the moldboard of the moldboard plow do to help with agriculture?
From what society did medieval Europeans adopt the horse collar?
In the feudal system, by what general name were the subordinates known?
Although a medieval fief could be many things, what was it usually?
Who paid most of the taxes that supported the warrior elites in medieval Europe?
Which of the following best describes the guilds of medieval Europe?
In addition to the Italians, what group was most commonly associated with moneylending in medieval Europe?
Who arranged most marriages in medieval Europe?
Which of the following was not an occupation likely to be held by a medieval woman?
What figure was held up as a model of womanly virtues by medieval Christians?
By 1300 what kind of sexual behavior had become a capital offense in most western European countries?
In 1182 who was ordered to leave France?
The medieval belief in the power of the sacrament made what figures powerful in society?
Between the eleventh and thirteenth centuries, what became a new requirement for priests?
Who was designated “patron saint of ecology” in 1980 for his belief in the need to protect nature?
Which king was forced to sign the Magna Carta, which limited royal power?
Between 1305 and 1377, where did the popes reside?
The Crusades were Christian holy wars designed to reclaim what land from Muslim control?
During the Crusades, 12,000 people of what group were slaughtered in 1096?
What did Abelard do after Heloise's relatives castrated him?
Which of the following did not take territory away from the Byzantine Empire?
Who conquered Constantinople in 1204?
Who founded the Russian state at Kiev in the ninth century?
Muscovy became the dominant Russian state in the fifteenth century when it avoided being conquered by what group?
Where in Europe did the first outbreak of the Black Death occur in 1347?
One response to the changes brought by the Black Death was rebellions by what group demanding economic help?
The Hundred Years War was fought between England and what other country?
Late medieval Europe saw an increase in commerce when what ethical system broke down?
What was the purpose of the Hanseatic League formed in 1241?
What was the first European country to explore the seas beyond Europe, especially the west coast of Africa?
In 1487, what explorer was the first to circumnavigate Africa and reach the Indian Ocean?
The first Crusade was a response to the expansion of what Muslim state into Byzantine territory?
What fourteenth-century Muslim writer left behind a travel narrative called the Rihla, or Book of Travels?
Al-Razi and Ibn Sina are known for advances in what scientific field?
What Greek philosopher had a great influence on Islamic philosophy?
What type of writing is Omar Khayyam best known for?
According to Muslim law, how many wives were men allowed to have?
After 1200 many slaves in the Islamic world came from what source?
African slave trade
In the eleventh century, Normans took over what territory from Muslim control?
What or who killed the last Abbasid caliph?
In the tenth century the Fatimids broke away from Abbasid power and controlled what region?
After the civil war between the Umayyad and Abbasid Caliphates, where did the Umayyads end up?
In which of the following regions do we not find a substantial Shi'ite population?
Muhammad's son-in-law and grandson were killed in Karbala, and how are they viewed in Islam?
With the Umayyad dynasty, power in Islam shifted to what city?
Who was the fourth caliph, and the last of the Rashidun?
What are the main sources for the Shari'a?
the Quran and the Hadith
What is the Shari'a?
the legal code that regulates Muslim life
In addition to the Islamic faith, what else were Muslims spreading?
the Arabic language
In 752, Arab armies defeated what society at a battle at the Talas River?
Islamic expansion in Europe was stopped at a battle in 732 outside what city?
Besides food, what else are Muslims supposed to avoid during daylight Ramadan?
What is the fifth pillar of Islam?
the haj, a once-in-a-lifetime pilgrimage to Mecca
In the second pillar, Muslims are to pray five times a day facing where?
As with Christians, Muslims believe that it is their duty to do what with nonbelievers?
When Muhammad died, political authority over the community was given to the Rashidun, which was
the first four caliphs
What name is given to the man who succeeded Muhammad as the political authority of Islam?
In conquering Arabia and spreading Islam, what did Muhammad insist be done with prisoners of war?
that they be treated leniently
In terms of marriage, Arab men were always allowed
many wives of any family
In the hijra, to where did Muhammad and his followers flee?
Which of the following best translates the term hijra?
Islam was influenced by other religions in Arabia, including
Christianity Zoroastrianism Judaism
pagan Arab animism
Which of the following terms is the best translation of the word Quran?
Which of the following was Muhammad's first wife?
In addition to being a prophet of Islam, what was Muhammad's profession?
Many pre-Islamic Arabs made pilgrimages to what city, to worship at the Ka'ba?
Arabs believed they were descendants of whom?
To what language family do the Arabs belong?
Before the beginning of Islam, what kind of society were the Bedouins of Arabia?
Coming from Tunis, Ibn Khaldun eventually settled in what Islamic city?
What kind of book is Ibn Khaldun best known for?
a history of the world and changes over time
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