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Which of the following would be considered a reasonable answer as to why there is a gender gap in college attendance?
Which of the following people are more likely to die in young adulthood as a result of risky lifestyle decisions and secondary aging?
According to the text, which of the following of Sternberg’s triarchic theory of intelligence has come to be called “practical intelligence?”
If a student assesses the stressful situation of an upcoming exam to determine how much time he/she has available to devote to studying for the exam, this is an example of
Skills that underlie the accurate assessment, evaluation, expression, and regulation of feeling is referred to as
The degree of success, or lack thereof, with which young adults deal with stress depends upon their general tendency to deal with stress in a particular way called
Which body part continues to exhibit growth both in size and weight during early adulthood
The term for a condition that substantially limits a major life activity such as walking or
Adults who are in their 20s and 30s are at higher risk of dying from
Jayne is having difficulty finding adequate daycare for her child that she can afford on her job. Instead of focusing on the negative, she looks at the bright side and realizes that at least she has a good job in a tight economy. Jayne is utilizing
Bernice is a go-getter on her sales job because she likes the finer things of life like a sports car, jewelry, and expensive vacations. Bernice is most likely motivated by
According to Lebouvie-Vief, the complexity of society requires specialization of thought. Therefore, thought is not necessarily based on only logic but also requires all of the following except
According to Robert Sternberg, empty love develops when only _____ is present
What term below applies to a state of powerful absorption in someone?
Which of the following is an example of the avoidant attachment style?
What is the most likely direct reason for the dramatic decrease in the number of children in the average American family?
According to psychologist Bernard Murstein, the third stages of his stimulus-value-role (SVR) is based on
According to Robert Sternberg, when two people share a loving, sexually vibrant, long-term relationship, this is called
According to the text, research on young adults indicates that which of the following brings them the most happiness?
According to Erikson, the period of post-adolescence into the early 30s that focuses on developing close relationships with others is called
Sue’s bones have become brittle, fragile, and thin. Her doctor tells her she has
As a 45 year old, Tomasina finds herself holding books and newspapers further from her eyes in order to read and bring material into focus. Her eye exam reveals she has
Which of the following is not accurate with regard to menopause?
One of the most frequent chronic disorders in middle age, identified primarily as high blood pressure, refers to
Research indicates that stress can produce direct physiological effects such as all of the following except
The key psychological component liking Type-A behavior and coronary heart disease is
What is a likely explanation for the results from cross-sectional studies showing that older people are less likely to score as well as younger subjects on traditional intelligence tests?
When developmentalists looked at the two kinds of intelligence, fluid and crystallized, to determine if intelligence continues to grow, slow, or decline with age, they determine that
The process by which people concentrate on particular skill areas to compensate for losses in other areas, this is called
Which of the following memory skills show decline in middle age?
Winona is a 22-year-old new mother, and Anna is a 38-year-old new mother. According to Ravenna Helson’s theory, _____, both of these women may experience similar psychological forces based upon their shared experience of being a mother regardless of their ages
When middle –aged people focus on work that is directed toward others rather than themselves, Erik Erikson called this
Though research has not always supported its existence, Levinston indicated that middle age people 40-45 go through a period of assessment that may lead to a stage of uncertainty and indecision brought about by the realization that life is finite. This stage of uncertainty is called
Which of the following people is most likely to experience feelings of loneliness and increased physical and mental health problems?
When young adults return after leaving home for some period to live in the homes of their middle-aged parents, this is called
All of the following are factors that contribute to the phenomenon called the “sandwich generation” except
Middle age people earn more than both their children and their parents
“Companionate” grandparents usually are all of the following except
All our contributing factors to child abuse except?
What proportion of people, who were abused or neglected, grow up to be abusive and neglectful to their own children?
What is the age of the onset of “late adulthood?”
Which of the following best describes the meaning of “functional age”?
Which of the following is the definition of “oldest old”?
Change in physical and cognitive functioning that are due to illness, health habits, and other individual differences, but which are not due to increased age itself and are not inevitable is called
Which of the following is not true regarding brain development and aging?
What is the most common reason for blindness in people over the age of 60?
Which of the following is the most common mental disorder of the elderly covering several diseases, each of which includes serious memory loss accompanied by declines in other mental functioning?
How many people 85 and older have Alzheimer’s disease?
All of the following are reasons why life expectancy has continued to rise for the world’s population except
Which type of memory capacity changes during old age, and especially around age 70?
The ego-integrity versus despair stage of psychosocial development is characterized by a process of:
Larry is in his mid-60s. He is reflecting on his life and is experiencing a sense of satisfaction and accomplishment. Erikson refers to this as
What is the major task to accomplish in the body transcendence versus body preoccupation stage?
Which of the following is not the benefit of a life review?
Accumulating knowledge, experience, and contemplation is referred to as
The theory suggesting that successful aging occurs when people maintain the interests, activities, and social interactions with which they are involved during middle age is called
The theory suggesting that people need to maintain their desired level of involvement in society in order to maximize their sense of well being and self-esteem is called
What percent of elderly people finish their lives in nursing homes?
Grace’s care needs have increased since her husband’s death. She has moved into an independent housing unit which is supported by medical providers as needed. Grace is living in a (n)
Renee is 67-years-old and is in the hospital because she broke her hip. She will need extensive physical therapy for two months. Which of the following is the proper facility to provide care for her?
What statement is true regarding financial issues in late adulthood?
Which of the following older people is most likely to experience elder abuse?
People with Alzheimer’s or various other forms of dementia living in their caretaker’s home
During the preschool years, the Eustachian tube in the ear moves from a position that is almost parallel to the ground in a more angular position. This change sometimes leads to
The process in which certain functions are located more in one hemisphere of the brain than the other is called
Capillaries involving large body movements are called
When preschoolers are shown two rows of buttons, one with ten buttons that are closely spaced together, and the other with ten buttons spread out to form a longer row, they usually say that the row spread out contains more, because it looks longer. This reflects what aspect of preoperational thought?
A child is presented with two identical balls of clay. As the child watches, one ball is rolled into a sausage, while the other remains untouched. The child is asked which one has more clay, the sausage shape or the untouched ball of clay. This is a classic experiment of conservation of
Emma knows that she is a female and can say whether others are male or female too. This ability refers to
Two preschoolers are sitting at a table side by side, each stacking a different set of blocks. They are engaged in
Temperaments that evoke positive responses from a wide variety of caregivers
A preschooler who expects to be punished immediately after doing something that his father told him not to do believes in
Three-year-old Ted sees his playmate, Steve, crying after he fell off a swing. Ted tells him he’ll be okay and offers to play with him on the merry-go-round. Ted’s response to Steve is called
According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, when should we separate the sexes in physical exercise and sports?
Ron remains stuck in the early stages of reading, making errors such as confusing the letters “b” and “d.” What learning disability does he have?
A school psychologist observes that eight-year-old Tim has difficulty finishing tasks, following instructions, and organizing work. What disorder does the psychologist suspect Tim may have?
What period of cognitive development occurs between seven and twelve years of age and is characterized by the active and appropriate use of logic?
All of the following processes are necessary for a child to remember a piece of information EXCEPT?
The view that the USA is a melting pot defines the
Andy is in his middle childhood years. Despite his efforts to do well in school, he failed two classes and was recommended to be held back a year. According to Erik Erikson, Andy may develop a sense of
At which of Lawrence Kohlberg’s levels of morality do people follow unvarying rules based on rewards and punishment?
A student who decides not to cheat on a spelling exam because he thinks his parents would be disappointed in him reasons at the _______ level of morality
According to Carol Gilligan, a woman’s moral reasoning is based on the concept of
What is Carol Gilligan’s objection to Lawrence Kohlberg’s theory of moral development?
By definition, a remarried couple that has at least one step-child living with them is called a
Which of the following terms describes the period in which the sexual organs mature?
According to research, which of the following is not a factor, with regard to the age of menarche in girls?
When it comes to early maturation, it is largely a plus for boys. However, all of the following are downsides to early maturation in a boy except
The most common nutritional concern during adolescence is
Which of the following is the term for severe eating disorder in which individuals refuse to eat, while denying that their behavior and appearance, which may become skeletal, are out of the ordinary?
All of the following are reasons why children from a lower socioeconomic status (SES) do not do as well in school as children from middle or high SES except
Children from middle and high SES groups are born with genetically superior IQ potential
By drinking milk during their teenage years, girls can consume enough required ____to avoid ____ later in their lives
Which of the following models presents U.S. minority groups with express their original cultural identities with families while integrating themselves into the newer, dominant culture while at school?
According to James Marcia, which of the following four categories of identity development leads to “rigid strength,” authoritarian behavior, and a high need for social approval?
Psychologist James Marcia proposed ______ categories of adolescent identity
Warren is a 16 -year-old who recently started to give away important possessions, stopped eating, and demonstrates general depression in that he was lethargic and uncommunicative. Warren is likely demonstrating signs of
The fact that socialized delinquents and undersocialized delinquents both end up living a life of crime into adulthood
What is the likely reason why adolescents refer to their peers rather than their parents for social comparison?
Which of the following adolescents is the most likely to develop a degree at an early stage of adolescence?
Patterns of behavior over the course of the human life
Patterns of change, growth, and stability in behavior over the life spanHuman development from a scientific approach
A developmentalist specialist who focuses on physical development would be interested in:
A developmentalist studying how memory changes over the life span specializes in:
A developmentalist who examines how friendship patterns change over the course of life specializes in:
The major stages of development typically studied in lifespan development are:
In the Bioecological approach to development, the larger cultural influence on an individual refers to the
A researcher studies how people born during the 1920s compare to people born during the 1940s with regard to political participation. The groups of individuals are called:
Puberty is a universal event occurring at about the same time in all societies. It is a:
Individuals who grew up during the Great Depression were so devastated by the collapse of the economy that they became distrustful of depositing large sums of money in banks. This event was a:
A form of learning in which a voluntary response is strengthened or weakened by its association with positive or negative consequences comes from which perspective?
Erikson proposed a _______ theory, which emphasized that society and culture influences and shapes us
Human life begins with a single fertilized cell. What is this first cell called?
Dave has 46 chromosomes and Mary has 46 chromosomes. Their offspring will have
Tom and Forrest are dizygotic twins. Therefore, they:
What is the genetic makeup of a given individual called?
The physical manifestation of one’s genetic blueprint is called:
The percent of genes that are identical for all humans is:
Many traits that represent multifactorial transmission are determined by:
A factor that produces a birth defect is called a:
Humans have about ________ genes
Which procedure uses very high frequency sound waves to detect structural abnormalities or multiple pregnancies, measure fetal growth, judge gestational age, and evaluate uterine abnormalities?
What hormone causes the uterus to begin periodic contractions?
What are the possible effects of pain medication during childbirth on the baby?
What is the main factor used to determine the degree of risk faced by preterm babies?
The average newborn weighs _____, while low birth weight infants weigh less than ______
The fact that the ______ determines the gender of the child is leading to the development of techniques that will allow parents to increase the chances of choosing the child’s gender
Which of the following is NOT a reason for the high infant mortality rate in the US?
What is the overall rate of infant mortality in the US?
What is the most frequent cause of birthing difficulties that leads to a Cesarean delivery?
If a mother touches the babies cheek with her nipple, what reflex will she elicit?
Child-care authorities agree that for the first 12 months of life there is no better food for an infant than
What is specific, but limited, time usually early in an organism’s life, during which the organism is particularly susceptible to environmental influences relating to some particular facet of development?
The decrease in the response to a stimulus that occurs after repeated presentations of the same stimulus is called
The “visual cliff” study by Gibson and Walk indicates that most infants in the age range of ______ months cannot be coaxed to cross the “cliff”. Note that this experiment did not initially consider emotional expression of the parent
Alex and Nadine watch their 8-month-old baby as he tries to pick up an item. What type of grasp is the baby likely to use?
Why has the incidence of SIDS dropped dramatically in the US?
What is the possible function of the swimming reflex in infants?
Which of the following is not a side effect of delivering anesthetics to the mother during childbirth?
What is the term for a period of deep depression following the birth of a child that affects approximately 10% of all new mothers for months or even years?
All of the following are considered basic aspects of information processing except
The information processing approach emphasizes the types of _____ that people use when they problem solve
What is the term for a theory that language acquisition follows the basic laws of reinforcement and conditioning?
What is the name for the rules that govern the meaning of words and sentences?
Rebecca wants her baby to stop playing and come across the room to her. Rebecca uses a short phrase such as “Come to Mommy” in a high-pitched tone to prompt her baby. This is an example of
Piaget’s Substage 2: First habits and primary circular reactions stage occurs for infants in the age range of
What is the common gestational age assessment tool for infants at St. John’s in Tulsa?
Alice has just delivered her baby; however, because of financial constraints she has to go back to working both of her jobs, and she can’t give her baby the attention and stimulation it needs. Now her baby is suffering from
If a baby is making speech-like, but meaningless sounds, this is a universal phenomenon called
Who is the researcher that developed the “nativist approach” and “universal grammar” to explain how children learn their language skills?
Two-year-old Baby Duane and his older brother are eating lunch, and both boys were given cookies for dessert. Duane’s older brother accidentally drops his cookie on the floor, and Duane offers his brother his cookie. Duane has reached the point where he is able to demonstrate
Which of the following is a process in which infants’ behaviors invite further responses from parents and other caregivers, which in turn bring about further responses from infants?
Research suggests that by ________ years of age boys behave more independently and less compliantly than girls
Developmental researcher John Bowlby proposed that all of the following are true except
When a mother and child play pat-a-cake, this is an example of _______ because
What is the term that Thomas and Chess used to describe babies who have a positive disposition; their body functions operate regularly; they are adaptable?
Manuel and Sarah keep a daily log of their baby’s behavior when he eats, sleeps, remains awake, and even excretes to assess his overall degree of movement. They are keeping track of the baby’s
One month old Baby Albert is upset and his facial expression shows that he is in dilemma. This is an example of:
What is the term that refers to a style of attachment in which children do not show proximity to the mother; after the mother has left, they seem to avoid her when she returns as if they are angered by her behavior?
Mary is planning to take a year and a half leave from her job because she wants to stay home and care for the needs of her newborn child. Mary believes that during the first 12 months of her child’s life, it is critical that she make herself available to meet the needs of her child and give him the attention he deserves. Erikson would say that Mary’s decision comes at a good time to address what state of her child’s development?
What part of the brain is activated whenever a child enacts a particular behavior, but also whenever a child simply observes others around him/her who are carrying out the same behavior?
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