Kyoto Protocol- CBC- IPAT- Stockholm Convention- Environmental Kuznets curve- Limits to growth- Rio Declaration- Sustainable development- Biosphere reserve- Carbon credits- Market based environmental regulation- Ecological footprint- Natural capital- Carrying capacity- Resilience- IPCC- Chipko and Chico movements- Chipko was Indian peasants who stopped loggers from clearing their forest. Chico was an Amazon dude who promoted ecology of justice. Both drew on a long history of peasant resistance both thought up novel and non-violent resistance. Leadership was organic, or from within in the community. Montreal Protocol- 1- four common colonial experiences that have significant environmental implications: Expansion of inter-regional trade- increased demands for raw goods Spread of European diseases and loss of life, esp in new world Introduction of exotic plant and animal species Colonial rule led to sig changes in political systems and management of resources Transition from subsistence to capitalist economy Changes in distribution of population- increased aggregation 2- 3- 4- neo-Malthusian says that earth?s population grows geometrically where ability to sustain it increases only linearly, therefore population growth will exceed it and this will degrade the environment Economic says that there is a problem with the previous views because technology change is not equal to resource scarcity, so with better technology we can maintain per capita food production. Political economic says that because there is unequal access to resources this leads to more poverty. With poverty come more children and population growth and that leads to environmental degradation. Reduction in rural population can often lead to even more degradation because there is less to keep up the areas
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