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McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
- - The state of Maryland decided to tax a branch of national bank located in Baltimore. Bank’s cashier James McCullock refused to pay the tax.
- Article I section 8, The Necessary and Proper clause give Congress power to incorporate a bank pursuant
- Maryland doesn’t have the power to tax ans institution by Congress under power of Constitution.
Hamilton’s Economic Plan
too much debt after the revolution.
- Hamilton’s plan was to issue new bonds to individual investors at rate of 4%
- All debts would be paid at current face value.
- This plan would give all players a greater stake in the new government and discourage things like succession
- Create a new bureaucracy through the Department of Treasury that would lend credibility.
- Assumption: federal government would assume the state debt na d combine it with the federal debt into one total
- Discrimination: half of the state debts were already paid back and wouldn’t take long to complete the rest.
Farewell Address 5 Main Points
1. We need to remain unified peace, prosperity, happiness , liberty and success as a result of state and ppl unit in purpose, put national unity above city, state, regional concerns
2. The Constitution and Political Factions: the right of people to change their government but this should be done through amendments to the constitution.
3. Checks and Balances and the Separation of Powers: maintain balance to keep ppl and 3 branches of gov from gaining to much power.
4. Foreign Relations: Washington warns dangers of permanent alliance and reiterates his stance that America should remain neutral. Free trade with other nations.
5. Credit and Government borrowing: Washington provides a strong argument for a balanced federal budget. Nation’s credit is important source of strength and security. Avoid war, unnecessary borrowing, paying off debt ASAP.
Stages 1-5 of American Political Philosophy
5 Main Political Parties in United States
Max Weber -
the popular acceptance of the governing authority; the value whereby something or someone is seen as right or proper “to whom loyalty is owed”
Report on Public Credit
1790, the Hamilton’s economic plan was put forward in this event
: in Hamilton’s plan bonds are sold to pay for public credit.
create in Hamilton’s economic plan
Dinner Table Compromise
Protectionist Economic Policies
: help fledgling American producers to compete with inexpensive European imports
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
conflict of steamboat operations in New York and surrounding state created Commerce Clause (Article I Section 8, Clause 3) congress have power to “regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the several states, and with the Indian tribes”
Charles River Bridge v. Warren River Bridge (1835)
- 1785, Charles River Bridge by the same company collects tolls. 1828, The legislature established the Warren Bridge Company to build a free bridge nearby. No one use the old bridge. Charles filed suit.- Create Article I, Section 10 prohibits certain powers to the states
Andrew Jackson’s Spoils System
a practice of a political party in which it rewards loyal voters, contributors, workers,… with government positions based on loyalty to the party rather than merit.
What are the reasons that the two party system endures?
How did Washington institutionalize the rational-legal model?
Strengthens the 2 main parties, by giving them their share of votes, since they don’t have a very high chance of winning,
Amendment #14 (1868)
Amendment #15 (1870)
Dred Scott, afugitive slave, was ruled to be still a slave; as such he was not a citizen and could not seek redressin federal courts. The decision alsooverturned federal laws limiting the expansion of slavery into “freeterritories and States” because it deprived citizens of their property (thatis, slaves) without “due process oflaw.” TheCourt upheld property rights over human rights.
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
Homer Adolph Plessy who was ⅞ Caucasions took a seat in “white-only” car of the Louisiana train. he refused to move and was arrested.
a legal theory that a state has the right to nullify, or invalidate, any fedral which that state has deemed unconstitutional. rejected by court. never been legally.
Missouri Compromise (1820)
Missouri enters union as a slave state while maine enters as a free state. never before in US had sectional antagonism been so overt and threatening as it was in the missouri crisis.
Kansas Nebraska Act (1854)
1852, the story depicts the reality of slavery and emphasizes that the cruelty of slavery can be overcome by christain love.
Fugitive Slave Act (1850)
slaughterhouse cases (1873)
Louisiana had created a partial monopoly of the slaughtering business and gave it to one company. Competitors argued that this created "involuntary servitude," abridged "privileges and immunities," denied "equal protection of the laws," and deprived them of "liberty and property without due process of law.” Monopoly violate 13th and 14th amendment.
Civil Rights Cases (1883)
The Civil Rights Act of 1875 affirmed the equality of all persons in the enjoyment of transportation facilities, in hotels and inns, and in theaters and places of public amusement.Though privately owned, these businesses were like public utilities, exercising public functions for the benefit of the public and, thus, subject to public regulation. In five separate cases, a black person was denied the same accommodations as a white person in violation of the 1875 Act.
Munn v. Illinois (1877)
What were some of the ways that African Americans were denied their rights after the Post Civil War Amendments were passed?
The square deal
The Jungle – Upton Sinclair
: was a Republican that believed that government should be used to mitigate certain social ills.
created by Alice Paul, this organization pushed for theEqual Rights Amendment during the 1920s.
the body of non elected government workers.
Civil Service Reform Act (1883)
The act provided selection of government employees based on competitive exams, rather than ties to politicians, political affiliations or as a reward for past service. Made it illegal to fire or demote government employees for political reasons and prohibited soliciting campaign donations on federal government property.
: Garfield was assassinated by Charles J. Guiteau less than 4 months into his term. Guiteau was upset after not receiving a diplomat post that he thought he deserves and kill Garfield.
Civil Service Commission
government agency that regulates the employment and working conditions of civil servants, oversees hiring and promotions, and promotes the values of public servants. It is similar to a human resources department in the private sector
Stipulated that government jobs should be based on merit (ability).
Government Classification Act (1949)
the government pay scale came under this act. example of how the Pendleton Act contributed to how government jobs are regulated today.
were accused of unfairly gaming the system to amass their huge fortunes.
Meatpacking Act (1906)
After conducting his own research of the meat industry, Roosevelt supported what became know as the Meatpacking Act of 1906. It called for regulation and inspection of the industry
Pure Food and Drug Act (1906)
Labor Strike (1903)
100,000 United Mine Workers, a union went on strike protesting working conditions.
Their goal was to get women the right to vote. Started by Susan B Anthony and Elizabeth Stanton
What were the 3 main women’s groups that fought for suffrage?
Underwood Tariff Act (1913)
Effective Tax Rate
is the average tax rate you pay.
Federal Trade Commission (1914)
was authorized to investigate corporations engaged in unfair and fraudulent practices. the FTC could use the courts to enforce its rulings.
The Trade In
a company allow consumer to bring old products to trade for new products
Economies of Scale
: Latin: trust; is the trust which allows one party to provide resources to another party where that second party does not reimburse the first party immediately (thereby generating a debt), but instead arranges either to repay or return those resources (or other materials of equal value) at a later date.
stocks, used to raise capital
Public Utility Holding Act (1935)
: playing the market by buying and selling to make a quick profit
Flappers were women that wore short skirts, bobbed hair, (Paarrtayy girl) promote the wanting of luxuries.
distribution of profit from corporation to its shareholders.
Durable, Expendable & Invisible Goods
Durable: goods that don't quickly wear out (automobiles, products in homes)
- Invisible: electricity or consumer credit.
- Expandable: Food, Soap, Clothing etc...
Manufacture began to make products specifically designed to go out of style and can be replaced by new model.
The Stock Market Crash (1929) and the reason for it will not be on this exam.
What are the 7 keys to the consumer culture according to Seavoy?
1. Full time paid labor
2. 8 hours of labor, 5 days a week.
3. Mass production of consumer products
4. Electrical power available in most homes
5. Urbanization: the process by which the entire population of a society lives in cities,
6. Abundant leisure activities
7. Abundant food.
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