Freud often asked clients to jot down their dreams upon waking so that they could discuss them in therapy. Freud considered dreams the “royal road to the uncon- scious.” He believed that the content of dreams is determined by unconscious pro- cesses as well as by the events of the day.
Signs that represent the penis.
In psychodynamic theory, the reported content of dream
In psychodynamic theory, the symbolized or underlying content of dreams.
oriented therapists who focus on the conscious, coping behavior of the ego instead of the hypothesized, unconscious functioning of the id.
Carl Rogers’s method of psychotherapy, which emphasizes the creation of a warm, therapeutic atmosphere that frees clients to engage in self‐exploration and self‐ expression.