FAMR Final Exam
- University of Hawaii - Manoa
- Family Resource Management
- Family Resource Management 230
- FAMR Final Exam
Last Modified: 2011-07-16
- Development and maturation is, in most respects, complete at early adulthood. Most people are at their peak of physical capabilities.
- Natural physical decline brought on by aging.
- Motor functioning, fitness, and health (7 healthy habits):
- Not smoking
- Having breakfast every day
- No more than 1-2 alcoholic drinks per day
- Regular exercise
- 7-8 hours of sleep per night
- Not eating between meals
- Not being more than 10% overweight
- Physical and emotional response to events that threaten or challenge us.
- Individual’s assessment of an event to determine whether its implications are positive, negative, or neutral.
- Effort to control, reduce, or learn to tolerate threats that lead to stress.
- Nature of thinking changes qualitatively. Also encompasses dialectical thinking (an interest in and appreciation for argument, counterargument, and debate).
- Schaie’s stages:
- Acquisitive: Point reached by young adults in which intelligence is applied to specific situations involving attainment of long-term goals regarding careers, family, and societal contributions. All 4 Piaget stages here(childhood to early adult)
- Achieving: (late teen to early 20,30) using knowledge to accomplish goals
- 3. Responsible: (late 30 to middle 60)Major concerns of middle-aged adults relate to their personal situations, including protecting and nourishing their spouses, families, and careers.Tackling practical problems involved in responsibility ofothers
- 4.executive:broadening focus from personal needs to society
- 5. Reintegrative: Period of late adulthood during which the focus is on tasks that have personal meaning
- Triarchic theory of intelligence: Sternberg’s theory
- Componential: mental components involved in analyzing data used in solving problems, especially problems involving rational behavior.
- Experiential: Relationship between intelligence, people’s prior experience, and their ability to cope with new situations.
- Contextual: Involves degree of success people demonstrate in facing the demands of their everyday, real-world environments.
- Approach to personality development that is based on fairly universal stages tied to a sequence of age-related crises. Views key events as developmental markers. Normative events: expected occurences. Non-normative events:unusual occurences that have major impact on life, not based on age.
- period of postadolescence into the early 30s that focuses on developing close relationships with others. EA. Selflessness, joint pleasure, deep devotion and fusing of identities
- Strong and intense emotionally and physically arousing love. Neither can be sustained unless you have commitment.
- Intimate, non-passionate type of love that is supposedly stronger than friendship because of the element of long-term commitment.
- Consists of intimacy, passion, and commitment.
- Intimacy: Feelings of closeness, connectedness, and bondedness.
- Passion: Drives that lead to romance, physical attraction, and sexual consummation.
- Commitment: Decision to remain with each other, and in long term, the shared achievements and plans made with that person
- Consumate love=IDEAL (intimacy + passion + commitment)
- Informal norms that suggest women to marry men of equal or higher social status. And older men marry women who are younger and of lower social status.
- Social union or legal contract between people that creates kinship. An institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually intimate and sexual, are acknowledged in a variety of ways, depending on the culture or subculture in which it is found.
- Persons of Opposite Sex Sharing Living Quarters. Came up in the 1970s by US Census Bureau as part of an effort to accurately gauge prevalence of cohabitation in American households. Cohabitation: partners living together before marriage
- Couples who show affection and perceive themselves as interdependent (and those who make a commitment).
- Period between 20-40, when young adults become centered in their careers.
- Ginzberg’s career choice theory:
- Note – Until 1960’s, employment ads in newspapers throughout U.S. were almost always divided into two sections “Help Wanted: Male” and “Help Wanted: Female”. There was an assumption that certain jobs were for women, and certain jobs were for men.
- Women were traditionally considered most appropriate for communal professions (occupations associated with relationships, such as nursing).
- : Associated with getting things accomplished, such as carpentry.
- People work to earn a living. The reality is different, for young adults express many reasons for seeking a job.
- : Drives people to tangible rewards, such as money and prestige.
- People work for the enjoyment, not the material reward.
- : A condition in which the bones become brittle, fragile, and thin, often brought about by a lack of calcium in the diet.
- : Loss of near vision. Visual acuity reaches peak at 20 and declines after.
- Pressure in the fluid of the eye increases, either because the fluid cannot drain properly or because too much is produced.
- Loss of ability to hear high-frequency sounds
- There is an increase in reaction time, but usually the increase is fairly mild and hardly noticeable.
- Sexuality remains an important part of life for many, if not most, middle-aged people. Frequency of sexual intercourse declines with age, but sexual pleasure remains a vital part of most middle-aged adults’ lives.
- A normal part of aging – positive attitudes lessen effects. 45-55 age, 85% have hot flashes, 30% call them severe
- male menopause
- Both genetic and experiential characteristics are involved in heart disease.
- Behavior characterized by competitiveness, impatience, and a tendency toward frustration and hostility
- Behavior characterized by noncompetitiveness, patience, and a lack of aggression.
- About 40% of people diagnosed with the cancer are still alive 5 years later.
- Reflections information processing capabilities, reasoning, and memory.
- Accumulation of information, skills, and strategies that people have learned through experience and that they can apply in problem-solving situations.
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