February 5, 2009 PSYC 240 Psychodynamic Umbrella Psychodynamic is a term that includes all of the theorists and schools of thought discussed in chapters 1-6 Believe personality is an ebb and flow of energies Believe in id, superego, ego, etc. Subset of psychoanalytic people Psychoanalytic S. Freud, A. Freud, E. Erikson, and C. Jung (Psychoanalysts you should know! E. Erikson is a contemporary psychoanalyst C. Jung is a Jungian analyst Ego-psychology, object relations, neo-Freudians, A. Adler Adler doesn?t believe you have to analyze the person More collaborative efforts to diagnosis Psychodynamic Theorists People other than the main four! Less attention to id and instincts, and more to ego and self Less to defense mechanisms, and conflict More to social and interpersonal causes and relationship issues More into what is happening to you at the present time and later developments in life Object relations are NOT analytic but are psychodynamic Anna Freud 3 contributions 1. Strengthened the ego and normalized defense mechanisms How much and when you use the mechanisms, etc. 2. Emphasis on other areas of child development Child law, pediatrics, child psychology 3. Added 6 defense mechanisms Other areas in childhood development Dependence v. independence Self-orientation (egocentricity) v. other-orientation Young kids are very self-centered; it?s all they understand! Challenge is to learn about other people and how they feel, think, act Self-doubt v. self-mastery Young infant is full of self-doubt?can?t do anything Challenge is to learn to master things and oneself Potty training! New mechanisms Denial Ego doesn?t get the picture Expecting someone to be there, but they?re never there Other people can see the problem! Displacement Have a lot of emotion towards one person/object, but can?t place it on intended person so you put it on another object! ?Taking out your anger on?..? Rationalization Making something seem different through logic You did bad on the test?but it wasn?t your fault! It was the test?it was picky! Undoing Primitive mechanism! ?I?m sorry!? after pushing someone over Sometimes literally ?Undoing? the act Sublimation Learned during latency stage A. Freud said it is the expression of sexuality, aggression or what not in a socially acceptable way FOOTBALL! Dancing/music/art Isolation Remembering an event, but forgetting all of the emotions that go along with that event ?Red Mud? incident with Patty Woman realized she was RAPED at age 6, which was the cause for her depression and terrible life story Erik Erikson (see ch. 6) Stages of development Emphasized play as ?the royal road to the unconscious? in children vs. dreams Describes himself as contemporary Preferred children Analyzed by both Anna and Sigmund Freud Had toys that would allow children to express themselves Doll houses, action figures, etc. Would try to analyze them that way What do psychodynamic theorists have in common? All believe in a dynamic energy system/ebb and flow of energies, fueled by death and life instincts, child experiences are important All believe in personal unconscious and that much of personality IS unconscious Conflict and anxiety Much of therapy involves bringing unconscious to conscious Creating corrective emotional experience Transference will occur if it is necessary! Adler?Psychodynamic Organ inferiority Broke off from Freud Feelings of inferiority/inferiority complex and superiority complex We strive for superiority What type of motivation is this??? Pleasure/hedonic, growth, cognitive? It?s GROWTH!!! Sibling rivalry/birth order
Want to see the other 3 page(s) in February 5 Notes?JOIN TODAY FOR FREE!