For the ratification of the United States Constitution
Why does Madison say that the government needs checks and balances?
Because it's the nature of mankind to oppress eachother rather than cooperate for the common good. Additionally, "No man is allowed to be a judge in his own cause, because his interest would certainly bias his judgement, and not improbably, corrupt his integrity."
What good does Madison see from having a few men elected to represent the people?
these men are more patriotic and wise..can refine and enlarge public views
What does Madison worry about when discussing having a few people elected to represent the people?
They may become corrupt and betray the interests of the people
Are small or extensive republics more favorable to the election of proper guardians of the public will?
The latter because it with a larger republic, more citizens will be voting for a candidate, so it would be harder for an unworthy candidate to obtain office.
How does Madison regard the constitution?
"a republican remedy for the diseases most incident to republican government."
What does Madison say about factious leaders?
"The influence of factious leaders may kindle a flame within their particulars States, but will be unable to spread a gernal conflagration through the other States."
What are the benefits of having a larger society?
More people will be electing their leaders, so it would be more difficult for unworthy candidates to be elected into office
How does the constitution solve the problem between representations torn between national/local issues(not focusing on one)?
"The great and aggregate interests being referred to the national, the local and particular to the State legislatures."
When did Madison write this essay?
He wrote it in 1788
Why was the constitution written in the first place?
Numerous flaws in the articles of confederation
Why is the constitution necessary?
"there are two methords of cruing the mischiefs o faction: the one, by removing its causes, the other by controlling its effects...there are two methods of removing the causes of faction:the one by destroying liberty which is essentail to its existence; the other, by giving to every citizen the same opinins, the same passions, and the same itnerests."
At the constitutional convention, what plan did Madison propose?
the virgina plan
Were the Federalists mainly for or against the ratification of the constitution?
they were all for the constitution..the dem-reps were divided
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