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Although the director’s vision shapes a movie’s mise-en-scène and provides that to the _________ who must make decisions about how to photograph a film.
A _____ is the basic building block of a movie.
When one camera position is selected, it and everything associated with it is called a ______
Cinematographic properties of the shot controlled by the DP or director of photography include _______, _______, and ________.
A film stock’s _____ refers to its sensitivity to light.
create an illusion of what is real or “illusion of reality.”
The basic goal of most special effects is to
A single shot that has a duration of between one and ten minutes and preserves real space and real time are __________.
______________ is a technique that keeps all three planes of the film frame in focus.
What is seen as the best way to draw an audience to a movie.
In the very first movies, especially during the silent era, people on the screen were not professional actors. What were they?
Lillian Gish, under the direction of D.W. Griffith, is credited for inventing _______.
Major stars today can choose their roles and name their salaries. Unlike the actors performing in what time?
Today’s actors’ earnings are most influenced by what?
Actors become _____ when they are repeatedly given particular kinds of roles based on their looks rather than their talent or experience.
________ are used when shooting a film to substitute for stars during more tedious aspects of the shoot.
The most common ratio of unused to used footage in Hollywood productions is ______.
The _______ follows the director’s vision in the editing of a film.
A ______ is the interruption of the chronological progression of film’s action to show an important moment from the past.
The ______ controls the _____ of a film by varying the duration of the shots in relation to one another. This controls the speed and ______.
Master shots and the 180-degree system are the fundamental building blocks of _______.
_________ is the cutting together of two or more lines of action that occur simultaneously at different locations.
A _______ is a transitional device where a shot gradually superimposes over another shot.
___________ is a shot of a character looking off screen and then a shot from his or her point of view of what is being looked at.
__________ is more of a traditional film style of storytelling where images follow a logical order.
_________ uses disruptive shots that might mix locations, time periods and angles that change the meaning of the story.
_________ (Collision Principle) uses conflicting angles, movement jump cuts to create new meaning to film moments.
The crucial difference between sound and silent films is that a _______ can emphasize silence while a ________ has no option.
Most film sounds are constructed during __________.
With ________, motion picture sound is much more complex and that has made the ________ a more prominent role.
The new ______ format offers greater flexibility in the recording, editing and mixing in a film.
Dialogue is typically recorded during production.
Which of the following film sounds are typically recorded during production?
_______ is most likely recorded during postproduction.
_____ sounds can be recorded during production or as sound effects during postproduction.
_______ are inserted during postproduction
_______ sounds are when props or equipment is used to create simulated sounds like footsteps or a door closing.
______ stands for _________ and is used to rerecord sound originally recorded on location or a set.
______ sounds are recorded on location like dialogue.
_______ originate from a source outside a film’s world.
________ became famous overnight with his 1938 radio production of _________. He later was recognized for making one of the greatest films every – Citizen Kane.
________ shows the transition of films to sound using comedy to show what struggles encountered when images didn’t match the sound.
The development of series photography served as the bridge between still photography and cinematography. _________ is recognized for his work in this area.
The films of French magician and filmmaker ________ are best known for his innovative use of special effects created on the set. A ________, 1902, is an example.
Although a commercial and groundbreaking successs, why did _________ (1915) spark nationwide controversy and picketing because the content was racist.
The popular film genre of Horror was most directly influenced by _________ in the 1920s and 1930s.
_______ is a film movement with distorted, exaggerated settings; oblique angles are used with nonparallel lines and the camera usually moves and is very subjective.
The power of _______, as expressed by Soviet filmmakers of the 1920s, lies in its ability to manipulate the viewer’s perception and understanding.
________ (1925) by Soviet director Sergei Eisenstein is considered his most influential and important film. He later left the Soviet Union to do films in Mexico.
________ are based almost totally on realism, on location and use real people to tell a story.
The genre ______ became popular after the introduction of sound in the late 1920s.
_________ films used actual locations, natural lighting, deep-space cinematography, and nonprofessional actors to maintain an air of realism.
The Italian neorealist film _________ movie is considered the masterpiece of that movement.
_______: the director of the film is seen as the author of the film.
_______ was a surrealist film movement in that country. Absurd in nature and anticonventional based on naturalistic psychological studies.
____________ – Directors were Vertov, Kuleshov, Eisenstein and Pudovkin. Great influence on future directors with their “fragment” approach.
French New Wave – one example is________ a Francois Truffaut film about his youth. Cinema verite or truth film style based on realism.
China and Asian countries have advance their filmmaking capabilities. ___________ is a Taiwan film by Ang Lee that displays great choreography and settings along with special effects to aid the story.
________ is seen as one of the most famous Japanese directors who adopted a more Western style approach to Japanese films.
_______ in England is based on social realism with a more documentary approach to issues of race, class, gender and sexual orientation.
_______ has the largest film industry in the world producing more than 1,200 features each year. Known as Bollywood.
_________ began in 1965 and continues to 1995 and features more violence and sex with complex plots and new storytelling techniques.
_________ is an example of the New American Cinema geared around sex and violence.
Another scene we watched was from _______ where a young college graduate is seduced by an older woman. Flash frames and jump cuts were used to show the shocking nature of the seduction.
Women gain more notoriety like Faye Dunaway in films like ________ and _______ where she won acclaim for her strong performances of women seen as equals to their male counterparts.
The approximate average total cost to produce and market a Hollywood film today is _______.
In traditional film production, the _______ controls the photographic image by advising on all of the following:
Camera angles and positions
The ________ phase includes:
securing rights (like from an author or the novel’s publisher)
writing the script
rewriting the script
finding the actors
The three phases of postproduction include: editing, _______, getting the film to theaters and the public.
The five major studios in the mid-1930s were?
________ in the film industry controls the production, distribution and exhibition of most films.
_________ is released in May, 1984. Images of chilled monkey brains, abuse of children and pulling hearts out of people prompts the move to PG-13 which started July 1, 1984.
The rating system has the following designations:
______ (hurts profits because fewer are allowed in)
For _______ executives, television represented a threat and was luring away movie theater audiences.
The formats of film stock from smallest to largest is: _____, _______, ______, ______ and _____.
_______ changes film forever as it requires less light, no processing and can be easily duplicated.
Film stock is _____ while digital is _______.
MPAA stands for?
First Majors (film studios) are: MGM, Paramount, Warner Bros., 20th Century Fox, ______.
Current Majors: 20th Century Fox, Warner Bros, Sony Pictures, _______, ________ and ________.
_______ – famous shower scene shows dynamic editing style and how Hitchcock got away with nudity at a time that was not acceptable.
________ – shows nondiegetic sound use when the key character imagines the sounds of the piano as he pretends to play. It shows the inhuman conditions of WWII where Jews are targeted for death by Nazis.
_______– uses graphic explicit images of a rape and implicit images of murder to show the birth of the virgin spring that cleanses sinners.
_________ – parallel editing is used in the baptism scene to show the contradiction of the sacred vows of the baptism with a series of murders orchestrated by Michael Corleone.
________ - Frederico Fellini did this film about his struggles coping with Italy’s film industry. His struggles with society and infidelity are also included. The dream sequence is heavy with symbolism involving capitalism, socialism, adultery, the Catholic church and artistic freedom.
_________ – Christopher Nolan took 10 years to develop this story about stealing dreams. Physical special effects using air/water canons, a semi-truck turned into a train and an infinite staircase are important elements of the film.
_________ – Steven Spielberg’s epic on the persecution of the Jews during World War II and how Schindler saved thousands of lives by putting them to work.
________ – David Fincher’s film on Stieg Larsson’s book series. The physical exhaustion felt when Martin Vanger (Stellan Skarsgård) tortures Mikael Blomkvist (Daniel Craig) was shown.
________ – The force of the blows by J.J. Gittes (Jack Nicholson) on Evelyn Mulwray (Faye Dunaway) were shown to expose a taboo subject in the film – incest. The original film noir approach in color by director Roman Polanski was also significant.
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