FIN 450 Study Guide (2013-14 Hendrix)
- Kansas State University
- Finance 450
- FIN 450 Study Guide (2013-14 Hendrix)
Last Modified: 2014-06-23
Related Textbooks:Fundamentals of Corporate Finance
(CA - Inv.) / CL
EBIT / interest exp.
Total Debt / Total Assets
(TL / TA)
- Must be filed by all public companies
- File with the SEC
a reserve account in which the issuer of a bond periodically retires some part of the bond principal prior to maturity so that enough capital will be accumulated by the maturity date to pay off the bond.
- general obligation: backed by the "full faith and taxing power" of the issuing municipality
- revenue: backed only by the revenue of the project; no legislation approval needed (more risky)
- risk of not getting your money back (what people generally think of)
- bond ratings from AAA(best, low risk) to D(worst, high risk)
- inverse relationship between rating and risk, inverse relationship between rating and expected return.
- main risk due to time exposure (term structure of interest rates)
- inverse relationship between interest rate and coupon rate risk
- term structure of interest rates: TTM & YTM
- See notes for yield curves
Annual Coupon / Price of bond
= Income Component
required rate of return
1. Tenure with company
2. Relationship with company
3. Compensation (Salary/stock bonus)
4. Stock ownership
5. Past performance
- Around 8-12 members
- Stock Ownership
- Ability to contribute
- Diverse Backgrounds and experiences
- Proxy Report
Profit margin = NI / Sales
ROA = NI / Sales
ROE = NI / Stockholders Equity
Current Ratio = Current Assets / Current Liabilities (debt)
Quick Ratio = (CA - Inv.) / CL
Leverage ratio = TA / SE
Coverage Ratio = EBIT / interest expense
Debt ratio = total debt / total assets
Debt to Equity ratio = Debt / Equity
- Product differentiation
- "Moat" = competitive advantage that repels others from stealing your product or idea.
- Perceived product differentiation
- Can charge a premium for its products
- "price setters"
lots of the same item that is only distinguished by price.
- companies in commodity business are "price-takers"
as bond prices rise, interest rates fall
as bond prices fall, interest rates rise
A firm issues preferred stock that pays a $10.80 dividend per share and sells for $130 per share in the market. It will cost $5.20 a share to issue new preferred stock. What is the cost of preferred stock?
- if investor holds more than 5%
ROE = (NI / Se)
(NI / Sales) * (Sales / TA) * (TA / SE)
ROA = NI / TA
= (NI / Sales) * (Sales / TA)
Debt / equity
(TL / SE)
- Total Return
- Requested Return
- Income + Capital Gain
- Discount Rate
- Average Annual total return of a bond
- Rate that balances price and CF's (outflows & inflows)
= "true return"
= approximated by the yield on similar bonds
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