- University of Massachusetts, Amherst
- Anthropology 106
- Final Anthropology!
Last Modified: 2011-07-12
-a member of a hunting and gathering society
-A member of a group of people who have no fixed home and move according to the seasons from place to place in search of food, water, and grazing land.
-in which to control territory and its inhabitants
:an ideology, which holds that cultural boundaries should correspond to political boundaries (Eriksen)
Equates nations with ethnocultural communities based on fixed characteristics (May)
Nations are “imagined communities”
Nationalism rests on the idea of the nation as a soul, as a principle- which then rest on the process of COLLECTIVE AMNESIA
Societies that create a bias against violence
Doves focused on peaceful societies to critique and offer and alternative to modern conflicts
Hawks focused on conflict in small-scale societies to help explain large-scale conflicts that were occurring all around them
· The need to protect resources and honor
· Create a bias for aggressive behavior- waiteri or fierceness
· Fell into the hawk contingent
· Psychobiological assumptions about behavior and violence
· Sociobiology: a theory that states that biological evolution as it is related to Natural Selection controls and explains human behavior
· Concludes that the Yanomamo lived in a primitive state of constant warfare because of their biological and cultural evolution
· Disputes Chignon’s assumptions and traces the shifts in behavior that forges violence (not untouched tribe)
-Conflict was related to contact with the West and Western goods; outside influences change cultural and social practices
- demographic, technological, economic and ecological processes; modes of production and resources.
-sociocultural relationships, behaviors, social and political organization, and institutions.
-values, beliefs, symbols, ideologies – CULTURE!
2. power (political status)
3. prestige (social status)
· Part of our individualist culture
· Reinforces ideologies of meritocracy and egalitarianism
· Harkens back to ideas from Social Darwinism
· Consistently ignores the system and structures that maintain inequality and put to blame and the onus upon the individual to do better
· Even the best intended programs reinforce this
media plays a key role in defining our cultural tastes, helping us locate ourselves in history, establishing our national identity, and ascertaining the range of national and social possibilities” (Mantsios)
economic assumptions, stereotypes,
Male and female only: hermaphrodite (intersexual) is not considered a legitimate category. Intersexual medical terminology
-refers to characteristics
Heterosexuality as unmarked norm
masc: Physical, strong, independent, violent, controlling, big, tough
Patriotism, manhood, war
Toughness is the most highly prized virtue
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