Relative access individuals and groups have to basic material resources, wealth, power, and prestige.
born into, can’t get out of (ex: age, the caste system)
that of a social class: your income, personal possessions
in American society, people are stratified by income and personal possessions into various groups: lower class, middle class, and upper class.
In India, the population is stratified into hundreds of different social and occupational groups. Individuals are assigned at birth based on their parent’s caste. It’s a fixed identity: no mobility from one caste to another. There are strict rules including restrictions on marriage, even just talking to a member of a different caste
no individual or group has more access to resources, nobody has more power or prestige than anyone else. No fixed number of social positions. ex: !Kung, Inuit