Galton proposed that intelligence is a by-product of sensory capacity. Knowledge first comes through the senses, especially vision and hearing. People with superior sensory capacities, like better eyesight, should acquire more knowledge than other people.
Also known as “g,” is a hypothetical factor that accounts for overall differences in intellect among people. It implies that some people are just plain smarter than others.
capacity to learn new ways of solving problems. We rely on this the first time we try to solve a puzzle we’ve never seen or first time we try to drive a car.
accumulative knowledge of the world acquired over time. (Example: what is the capital of Italy?)
idea that people vary in their ability levels across different domains of intellectual skill.
model of intelligence proposed by Robert Sternberg positing three distinct types of intelligence: analytical, practical, and creative.