Baptistery from House Church Dura Europos-Syria 240-56
The faithful to be baptized of their sins. Began as a bathroom with timber roof line. Private function - bathtub for baptism - gospel imagery. The good Shepard (Christ) symbol
Catacomb of Priscille Rome - Italy 3rd century
Catacomb- used for burials for the Christian dead. Cubicula- large room with multiple catacombs. Loculus- In the walls, slots for the bodies -To preserve the bodies for the second coming. (Christ)
Old Saint Peters Basilica Rome Italy 324-40
Name dedicated to Peter (1st pope) -Seen as Christ's successor -Execution of Peter-upside down cross. -Faced east. As all other basilicas. Timber vaulting. Nave- central hallway down the center. Transept- the crossing let if the building forming a cross. Colonnade - Clerestory - painted scenes of the gospel 5-PART Floor Plan--Nave and side aisles Spolia-taken from old Roman Empire. --Narthex - Porch --Wooden roofline --Corinthian Columns
Santa Sabina Rome Italy 422-432
Rusticated?? and rectilinear Corinthian columns. Spolia. EVERY COLUMN SPOLIA Simple rounded arches. Facing east Turns into an Apse at the end. TWO PART elevation - arcade and clerestory TWO PART floor plan. Nave and side aisles. Floor is inlaid marble. Roman arches.
Santa Costanza Rome Italy 337-351
Built as a mosselium Of Constantine's daughter. Later repurposed as a church. Dentilled cornice at the top outside. Tholos and Roman arches Narthex and Alter is in the center Ambulater - central walkway around the alter. SPOLIA columns. Doubled columns Corinthian
Built on the highest point in the city. Huge dome in a square drum. Shallow)) Fluid vertical Space allowing as much light in as possible. 40 windows at base of dome. THREE PART ELEVATION - Arcade - Gallery - Double tiered Clerestory.
Semi/half domes on the outside. Exedrae Roof lined with lead. Looking up --> HEAVEN ON EARTH LIGHT SYMBOLIZES PRESENCE OF CHRIST. Gold modulated light Roman arches Windows. Double entry point. Groin vaulted. For mosaic space Pendentives!!!!!!!!!! Weigh down the four corners of dome Marble pavement LIGHT LIGHT LIGHT SPOLIA COLUMNS CORINTHIAN Justinian symbol on Capitol of columns