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England was brought into closer contact with continental Europe.
Feudalism spread in England, even though it manifested itself differently than in Europe.
The native English aristocracy was almost entirely supplanted by a Norman-French aristocracy.
Pope Gregory I.
Rome's influence was primarily in the southeast and was more thorough in towns than in the countryside.
He fought against the invading Romans.
He was a son of Cubobeline.
Celtic peoples exhibited skills with and knowledge of iron working.
Goidelic-speaking Celts arrived in Britain after the Bronze Age.
Brythonic-speaking Celts are the ancestral tribe of the Welsh and Cornish.
Almost none of the Celtic language found its way into modern English.
Stonehenge required more than a century for its construction.
Although it is the largest and most famous, Stonehenge is not the only megalithic structure in England.
Extensive planning and cooperation were necessary for Stonehenge’s completion.
Technological stagnation and heavy taxes
Low birth rates and declining population
Generals and the military were more of a threat than a protection to the people.
Steady increase in beggars, bandits, and other outlaws.
Actual power was in the hands of Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimer.
Most of England's nobles were glad that Edward II was no longer king.
The Archbishop of Canterbury justified deposing Edward as king.
Edward II made himself unpopular due to his favoritism to Gaveston and Despenser.
Edward II fathered many children.
Queen Isabella raised troops to fight her husband for power.
The English captured the French king.
The battle resulted from a chevauché.
the king working through Parliament to extend the force and acceptance of a law
Henry III stirred up negative feelings among his nobles by some of actions. Which of the following caused hard feelings toward Henry III?
Henry III appointed many of his non-English friends and relatives to high positions.
Which of the following were reasons that John's barons pressured him into signing Magna Carta? (Select all that apply.)
Nobles were dissatisfaction over taxes.
Nobles resented that John became a vassal of the Pope.
Nobles were frustrated and disappointed by the defeat at the Battle of Bouvines.
Which of the following were among the consequences of John's conflict with the church? (Select all that apply.)
Priests would not perform funerals.
Priests would not perform marriages.
John was excommunicated from the church.
Although John is not generally regarded as a good or successful king, some positive achievements occurred during his reign. Which of the following are among those positive accomplishments? (Select all that apply.)
John was a good administrator and selected effective and capable advisors to assist him.
John pursued an effective military policy towards Wales and Scotland.
Which of these individuals were closely associated with the early years of the reign in Henry III? (Select all that apply.)
Hubert de Burgh
William the Marshall
Which of these statements best describes Pope Innocent III's response to Magna Carta?
The Pope relieved King John of any obligation to honor Magna Carta.
Arguably the first challenge John faced as king was . . . .?
a dispute regarding the legality of his claim to the throne.
Select the statement(s) that accurately apply to Simon de Montfort. (Select all that apply.)
De Montfort was related to the king by marriage and was at one time a close friend of the king.
De Montfort led rebellious barons who sought to rule England through a committee.
Which of the following were true of Eleanor of Aquitaine? (Select all that apply.)
She was the mother of two kings.
She was married to two different kings.
She fought against her husband and encouraged her sons to do so also.
Which statement would a medieval townsman most likely say to describe his social position?
"I am not attached to the land; neither am I a serf, nor a lord, nor a priest."
Robert Grosseteste was associated with which of the following? (Select all that apply.)
The relationship of improved agricultural yields of the High Middle Ages and serfdom is most accurately expressed in which of these statements?
As more land was brought under cultivation and agricultural yields rose, the position of serfs improved substantially.
All of the following were technological / agricultural improvements introduced in the High Middle Ages EXCEPT . . .
Planting squash and potatoes together.
At Medieval fairs one commonly found displayed which of the following? (Select all that apply.)
One of the main areas of conflict between Henry II and the Church involved
jurisdiction over criminous clerics.
Which statement most accurately describes the three-field system?
By using the three-field system approximately one third of the land was fallow at any given time.
Of a typical motte and bailey style castle, which is the true statement?
The motte is situated in the interior and the bailey is lower and surrounds the motte.
Planting squash and potatoes together.
Archbishop Anselm was appointed by William II but clashed with him on the issue of investiture.
Which statement most accurately reflects the view of William I regarding vassalage in England?
All land of England was held of him.
Based on our lectures, which statement most accurately describes the circumstances of women in medieval England?
Women were morally inferior to men and were subject to beatings.
The conflict between Stephen of Blois and Matilda over the rightful succession to the throne was settled . . .
by a compromise that left Stephen on the throne but succeeded by Matilda's son, Henry "Curtmantle".
William I regarded Lanfranc highly.
Lanfranc had good relations with the Pope.
Lanfranc was a scholar of good reputation.
Which of these statements is true about feudalism and vassals?
A vassal may hold fiefs from multiple overlords.
Fighting in the service of God.
Protecting the weak.
As a legal measure a recognisance resulted in which of the following?
An individual or family posted a large sum of money which as a guarantee of their compliant behavior.
In the general division between Lancastrians and Yorks, which statement would most accurately apply to Henry VII?
Henry VII was Lancastrian by descent and action; he took a wife from the Yorks.
From the following items, select the statements that relate to measures that Henry VII took early in his reign to consolidate his position as rightful king of England. (Select all that apply.)
Henry VII declared that his reign began the day before the Battle of Bosworth Field.
Henry VII urged Parliament to repeal Titulus Regius.
Which statement most closely depicts the conditions of finances during the reign of Henry VII?
Henry VII personally oversaw royal finances and managed to accumulate a great fortune.
One judicial means Henry VII used in order to curb the power of the nobles was . . .
The Court of Star Chamber.
Which of the following were among the challenges Henry VII faced early in his reign? (Select all that apply.)
Lambert Simnel pretended to be the Earl of Warwick, a rival with a better claim to the throne.
Perkin Warbeck pretended to be the Duke of York, a rival with a better claim to the throne.
Which of the following was a significant result of the Treaty of Medina del Campo?
Catherine of Aragon married Prince Arthur.
Which of these statements most accurately relates to "Morton's Fork"?
"Morton's Fork" referred to a form of reasoning in which opposite conditions lead to the same conclusion and result.
Select one of the following statements that best accounts for the Pilgrimage of Grace's lack of large-scale success.
This movement did not attract the backing of the nobles.
The mothers of Henry VIII's three legitimate children were. . .
Catherine of Aragon, Anne Boleyn, and Jane Seymour.
What role did Henry VIII play in the election of the Holy Roman Emperor in 1519?
He actively sought to be elected Emperor.
Which of these best accounts for Cardinal Wolsey's early success?
Wolsey was cheerful and pleasure-loving, but hard-working and detail-oriented.
Which statement best summarizes Wolsey's foreign policy? England should . . .
be an effective counter-weight to either France or the Hapsburgs in order to maintain a balance of power in Europe.
A profitable and unanticipated side-effect of breaking with Rome was . . .
the dissolution of the monasteries.
Which statement is correct regarding the immediate period prior to Henry VIII's death?
His doctors were afraid to inform him how close to death he was because it was treasonous to predict the monarch's death.
Select the statements that correctly apply to Thomas Cranmer. (Select all that apply.)
Cranmer declared Henry's marriage to Catherine of Aragon invalid.
Cranmer became Archbishop of Canterbury.
Cranmer declared Henry's marriage to Anne Boleyn invalid.
Which of the following are correct in describing Catherine of Aragon's familial relationships? (Select all that apply.)
She was the widow of her husband's brother.
She was the daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain.
She was the aunt of Emperor Charles V.
Which of these statements is accurate regarding Henry VIII's views on Lutheranism?
He wrote a lengthy theological response to Luther's statements about the sacraments which led the Pope to give him the title, "Defender of the Faith."
Although a single reason does not account for everything, among the reasons that the Pope Clement VII refused to grant Henry VIII a divorce from Catherine of Aragon was . . .
Charles V opposed this divorce because he was Catherine's nephew.
Which statement was NOT among the circumstances of Anne Boleyn's downfall?
Anne was believed to have poisoned Catherine of Aragon.
As king, Richard III faced all the following challenges and problems EXCEPT
The fierce opposition of Margaret of Anjou.
Select the statement that best describes the circumstances regarding Henry IV's reign.
Henry IV was limited by obligations to the nobles; these obligations had their origins in the way Henry IV became king.
The celebrated military event of Henry V's reign was the Battle of . . . ?
Which statements accurately reflect the character Edward IV and the events of his reign? (Select all that apply.)
The perceived favoritism toward the many relatives of his wife became a source of resentment among the other nobles.
Edward IV was a pleasure-loving man who preferred to avoid trouble if possible.
England's finances were in good hands during his reign.
Which of the following was NOT among the major sources of rebellion or resistance that Henry IV faced?
The First Battle of St. Albans is significant for which of the following reasons? (Select all that apply.)
It may be regarded as the first battle of the Wars of the Roses.
Important nobles supporting the Lancastrian side were killed.
Richard, Duke of York, captured Henry VI.
Which of these battles resulted in Margaret of Anjou being, for a time, the de facto ruler of England? The Battle of . . .
Which of the following are closely associated with John Wycliffe? (Select all that apply.)
Emphasis on obeying secular rulers.
Denial of transubstantiation.
Emphasis on the individual's relationship with God.
The reign of Edward IV may be said to begin with which of the following events?
The Battle of Towton
Which of the following most correctly relates the actions of Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick?
Warwick had supported the Duke of York, but later fought for Henry VI against the Yorkist faction.
Which sentence most correctly applies to the beginning of the Wars of the Roses?
The Wars of the Roses came about, at least in part, due to Henry VI's becoming king while only an infant.
Which of the following statements apply to the final years of Henry V's reign? (Select all that apply.)
As a result of Henry's military successes in France, he married Catherine Valois.
Henry V was able to reconquer some of the old Norman territory.
Parliament became less willing to finance Henry's military campaigns
Pick the statement that corresponds most closely with Northumberland's religious stance.
Northumberland was more Protestant than Henry VIII but not as radical as some would like; he harbored and supported prominent Protestant leaders.
In terms of economics, which statement most accurately describes events of Mary I's reign?
England experienced modest but steady growth, including the establishment of important foreign connections in Morocco and Muscovy.
Which of these statements are correct regarding the religion of Edward VI? (Select all that apply.)
Edward VI supported a form of Protestantism more radical than his father, Henry VIII.
The circumstances of Edward VI's parents' marriage at least partly influenced Edward VI's religious views.
Edward VI's religious views were shaped by his uncles, the Seymours.
Select the statements that are accurate in connection with "The Rump". (Select all that apply.)
The Rump particularly targeted Royalist sympathizers.
The Rump abolished the House of Lords.
The Rump consisted of roughly 10% of the original membership of the Long Parliament.
Cromwell banned the use of the Anglican Book of Common Prayer. Select the statement that best accounts for this decision.
Loyalty to the traditional services of the Church of England was closely linked to Royalism.
Which of the following was among the immediate results of the Navigation Act?
England and the Netherlands went to war.
Which statement best describes the circumstances relating to Cromwell and Ireland?
Cromwell enforced English dominance with severity and a harsh thoroughness that left only about a quarter of Ireland available for Catholics.
From the following individuals, select the one who led the Royalist forces in the early part of the Civil War,
Elizabeth's most consistent and most powerful foreign adversary was . . .
Philip II of Spain
Select the items below that were among the reasons for Elizabeth I favoring the Protestant cause over the Catholic. (Select all that apply.)
Elizabeth sought to be free of the influence of foreign powers, including the Catholic Church itself.
By the interpretation of the Catholic Church, Elizabeth was born illegitimate.
Select the statement that most correctly relates to events relative to Elizabeth and Mary Queen of Scots.
Elizabeth reluctantly signed Mary's death warrant and even then seemed to regret that action.
Which of the following best describes James I's family experiences.
James never knew his parents and he experienced 'strained' relations with his older son.
The Great Contract refers to an agreement for . . .
James to abandon some objectionable means of raising revenue in exchange for Parliament's guaranteeing a perpetual income to him.
Robert Carr, a favorite of James I, eventually came to a bad end. Which statements most accurately reflects the conclusion of Carr's career?
Carr and his wife became scandalously involved in a murder plot and were an embarrassment to James.
James I's lively intelligence was wide-ranging. Among the matters that caught his interest was.
The harmful effects of tobacco.
Choose the phrase that best epitomizes the relations of Charles I and his early Parliaments.
One reason why Puritans opposed Archbishop William Laud was because . . .
Laud declared that entertainment and recreation on Sundays were lawful.
Relations between Britain and the Netherlands grew in importance in the reign of Charles II. Which of the following most accurately describe these relations?
The English and Dutch fought intermittent naval wars that were commercially motivated.
Which of these would be accurately included among the side-effects of Wyatt's Rebellion? (Select all that apply.)
Mary's sister, Princess Elizabeth, was imprisoned for possible involvement in the rebellion.
Which of the following statements accurately apply to Lady Jane Grey? (Select all that apply.)
Personally, Jane Grey was a firm Protestant.
Jane Grey was Northumberland's daughter-in-law.
Debased currency and general economic problems resulted in the continuation of inflation.
In his position as Lord Protector, Cromwell appointed Major-Generals as administrators. England's overall, broad reaction was one of . . .
Penruddock's Rising illustrated . . .
how little enthusiasm existed for removing Cromwell and restoring Charles II.
In the context of the English Civil War, which of the following best explains the term, "Agitators"?
Agitators were appointed to represent the Army's interests and positions in Parliament.
In the context of the English Civil War, which of the following best explains the term, "Levellers"?
Levellers wanted an equitable grant of rights to the ordinary Englishman.
English Catholics during Elizabeth I's reign received encouragement and support from various sources. Select the sources of Catholic support from those listed below. (Select all that apply.)
Mary Queen of Scots
The Society of Jesus (the Jesuits)
Which statement would most closely reflect the views of a 'typical' Englishman during Elizabeth's reign?
"The Spaniards are our enemy and must be opposed at every opportunity."
Which of the following were effects of the Gunpowder Plot? (Select all that apply.)
English attitudes toward Catholics became more hostile and less tolerant.
James and Parliament worked together with greater cooperation, temporarily.
According to our lectures, which of these played a detrimental role in the state of the economy in the early seventeenth century? (Select all that apply.)
War in Europe
Right before the Civil War began, the king's power was eroding. What specific measures did Parliament take to limit the monarch's power and / or expand Parliament's power? (Select all that apply.)
The courts of Star Chamber and High Commission were abolished.
Parliament rejected levying tonnage and poundage without its consent.
Parliament passed the Triennial Act.
Bishops were denied their seats in the House of Lords.
Ship Money and fines in distraint of knighthood were declared illegal
In the Parliamentary Session of 1629, Charles dealt with opposition by . . .
ordering Parliament to adjourn to allow tempers to cool.
Select from the following statements the ones that correctly recount actions and events associated with the beginning of The Long Parliament. (Select all that apply.)
Parliament complained about grievances at the hands of the king's representatives.
Parliament began impeachment proceedings against Thomas Wentworth
Parliament passed a bill of attainder against the Earl of Strafford.
Which statement best summarizes Thomas Wentworth's association with Ireland?
As Lord Deputy, Wentworth angered both Catholics and Protestants in Ireland; the Ireland rebelled after he left the island.
"The Five Members" refers to . . .
Charles I's failed attempt to arrest five MPs in a Parliament session.
Which statement best summarizes the positions of Whigs and Tories in the reign of Charles II?
Whigs wanted to limit royal power and extend religious toleration; Tories wanted to limit religious toleration and maintain royal power.
The Battle of the Boyne is significant because it . . .
marked the defeat of James II and the victory of William III in the Glorious Revolution.
James II was controversial as King of England primarily because he was . . .
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