Substance use: ingestion of a substance with no particular indication of regular use Substance abuse: reccurent pattern of use the interferes with daily living Substance dependence: addction
Physiological dependence: tolerance or withdrawl Psychological dependence: inability to cope without the drug, spending large amounts of time in drug seeking behavior
Three types of learning
Classical: Pavlov; extinction of classically conditioned responses, stimulus discrimination, stimulus generalization, forward vs. backward pairing Operant: Skinner; Positive reinforcement (adding a benefit) & negative reinforcement (taking away a negative thing) Observational learning: Bandura; cognitive component to learning, not just behavioral
Memory is the process by which we encode, store, and retrieve information so that past experiences can inform the present.
Memory key terms
Encoding: In order to remember, first need to learn the thing we are remembering Storage: memory traces are held in enduring form in parts of the brain for later use Retrieval: process of pulling out a particular memory from storage for use in the present
Sensory- couple seconds, large capacity but cant hold it for long Short term- 30 seconds to 3 minutes, 7+- 2 (number of items that can be remembered, as in a grocery list etc.) Long term- anything longer than 30 minutes