- Good will comes out of respect for moral law, instead of inclination.
- Good will = will of a person who does right thing for the right reason.
- Good will is always good simply because of intent, even if it doesn't turn out well.
- Good in itself, we should do it simply because it's good.
- Humanity = our status as rational beings.
- If we are being rational then we choose effective means to one's ends.
- Rational for all principles to meet everyone's approval.
- Lying example.
- It is decided by our own will and practical reason.
- Moral law must be universal because of universal law fomulation (only accept maxim that can become universal law).
- CI procedure shows that you don't use inclination to formulate law, but use will and reason instead.
- Kant would say Hume and Plato are wrong because moral law is based on our sentiment or external values.
- Principles of justice look at individual rights and happiness.
- Utilitarianism only looks at maxiumum human happiness.
- Slave society example.
- Both have similarities (equal liberties, etc.).
- Justice looks out for the worst off at all times.
- Libertarianism does not care about justice being equal.
A) Wrong because it must employ both publicity constraint and a veil of ignorance in order to work.
B) Cannot work in real world situations.
Because in order to implement wealth woul dhave to be taken away.
A) The grades example (reflect quality/quantity of work) shows that some people will always be advantaged.
This only deals within basic structure, while OP is for design of basic structure.
B) It's not right to take money. Not all people would go along with this.
Contractualist approach to morality is appropriate for society.
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