What is secreted for hyperglycemia?
Why does it cause this?
Lactogen is secreted by he placenta once delivered baby detachment of the placenta.
BUN - Blood Urea Nitrogen
Creatinine - 50% loss of function
Males - 14-18
Females - 12-16
1. Troponin- since 2011 Standard
2. CK/CPK -found a mainly in the heart brain and skeletal system.
4. LD/LDH - Usually assosciated with myocardial infarction. PEAKS 3-4 DAYS AFTER MI.
Lung maturity in infants.
1. Barium Sulfate -for GI studies.
2. Organic iodides - kidney, liver, blood vessels, urinary bladder adn urethra.
3. Iodized oils- in myelograms ( spinal), bronchograms, lymphangiogram, (lymphatic system.
4.Air and gas contrast joints, subarachnoid space, pleural space, and pericardial space
**Air and barium can be used in combination.
What are the 7 main structures of the biliary tree?
(5 ducts and 2 organs)
1.Rt hepatic duct
2. Lft hepatic duct
3. Common hepatic duct
4. Common bile duct.
5. Cystic duct
Nuclear medicine exam of the heart wall and function. Heart wall motion
Multogated acquistion scan
Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography
Radioactive Iodine Uptake Test
Evaluates thyroid gland function.
Amt of radionuclide absorbed over period of time provides info about hyper/hypothyroidism
Orally or intravenously 2/6/24 hrs.
% of iodine uptake amt found in thyroid
Detects decreased blood flow through the heart arteries and veins.
Lower frequency of ultrasound indicates decreased blood flow.
1. Diagnose Disease disorders of the brain.
2. Monitor cerebral blood flow during surgery.
3. Determine brain death.
1. Hyperventilation - breath deeply to ID abnoralities due to cerebral vasoconstriction.
2. Photostimulation - flashing light over face may provoke photostimulated seizure
3/ Sleep- to detect sleep disorders and sleep related epilepsy
Cramp like pains in the calves caused by poor circulation of the blood to the leg muscles.
Commonly associated with athrosclerosis
Measure lung capacity using a spirometer.
It measures Pulmonary obstructive disease caused by increased air resistance.
Pulmonary restrictive disease related to limited ablity to move chest wall or lungs -restricted.
Electromyography - Detects a number of primary and secondary muscle defects.
Primary = muscle tissue itself.
Secondary = due to other disease processes such as nerve dysfunction.
Blood saturation rate
AKA - pulseoximetry
Normal range 95% ro higher
Performed during physical activity. EKG conducted and heart rate and BP monitored.
Diagnoistic for coronary artery occlusive disease, hypertension associated with excercise, peripheral aterial occlusive disease as evidenced by intermittent claudication - cramps in legs.
Recording of the electrical impulses as they go through the heart
Most frequently performed tests.
Displays the movement of the electrical impulese from the SA node to the AV node and throught thte atrial of the ventricular contraction.
Diagnosis of cystic fibrosis
analyize sodim chloride and potassium.
Normal range: <70 mEqL -Sodium
<50 mEqL -Chloride
Present in various tissues - bone, liver, kidney and apleen - Highest concentration found in prostate.
1. Used to diagnose and stage cancer of the prostate.
2. Monitor the effectiveness of prostate cancer treatments.
Blood clotting disease.
Hemophilia A - missing clotting factor VIII
Hemophilia B - Christmas disease deficient in clotting factor IX hereditary disease.
Endoscopic and ultrascopic used to evaluate cardiac structure and function. - Look at heart valves and chambers
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