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An indictment is a formal written accusation submitted to the court by a grand jury alleging that a specified person has committed a specified offense.
A consecutive sentence is one that consist of tow or more sentences that have been imposed simultaneously after conviction form than one offense and that are to be served at the same time.
A trial is the examination of the issues of fact and law in a case for the purpose reaching a judgment of conviction or acquittal of the defendant.
Civil Justice concerns itself with fairness in relationships among citizens, government agencies, and businesses in private matters that involve contractual obligations
Which model assumes that the system’s subcomponents work together harmoniously to achieve the social product we call justice?
At which stage in the criminal justice process does the defendant enter a plea?
Which of the following terms is defined as the principle of fairness or the ideal or moral equality?
Which model emphasizes the efficient arrest and conviction of criminal offenders?
Which of the following terms means procedural failure?
The FBI runs the Uniform Crime reporting system.
Property crimes typically have lower clearance rates than personal/violent crimes.
Most occurrences of motor vehicle theft are reported to law enforcement agencies.
Which index crime has the highest clearance rate?
The unlawful taking or attempted taking of property that is in the immediate possession of another, by force or the threat of force, is known as:
The _____ is based on victim reports
The Uniform Crime Reporting program is based on:
The principle of recognizing previous decisions as precedents to guide future deliberations is called stare decisis.
A necessary first feature of any crime is some act in violation of the law.
Civil law governs relationships between and among people, businesses and other organizations, and agencies of government.
Common law originates from usage and custom rather than from written statues.
Which of the following types of law is based on the assumption that acts injure not just individuals, but society as a whole?
Which type of law refers to the body of regulations that the government creates to control the activities of industry, business, and individuals?
In its written form, the criminal law is also know as
Which of the following elements of crime means “guilty mind”
Quality of life offenses are major law violations such as murder
Police community relations (PCR) were a product of the tumultuous 1960s
Wilson’s legalistic style of policing has been referred to as laissez Faire policing because officer avoid disputes that do not break the law
The Kansas City preventive patrol experiment established that
Preventive patrol does not affect citizen fear of crime
Which of the following federal law enforcement agencies would most likely investigate a computer crime?
Community policing is best characterized by which of the following?
What is the best way to describe police subculture?
A particular set of values characterize of the police
What name is most closely associated with the concept of “policing styles”?
What may be the definitive book on community policing?
A knowing waiver of rights requires that the defendant be able to understand the consequences of not invoking the Miranda Rights
The first significant US SC case involving an automobile was Carroll v. US
During the 1960s the US SC accelerated the process of guaranteeing individual rights in the face of criminal persecution
Officers armed with a warrant are legally allowed to enter a person’s home unannounced if the officers have a reasonable suspicion that it would be dangerous to announce themselves
Unreasonable searches and seizures are prohibited by
A writ of certiorari allows appellate courts to review the record of a lower court case
This rule requires the incriminating evidence be seized by police according to the constitutional specifications of due process or it will not be allowed as evidence in court
A legal principle that excludes from introduction at trial any evidence later developed as a result of an illegal search or seizure.
This SC case has become the basis for stop and frisk
Profiling was originally intended to help catch drug couriers attempting to enter the country
Stress is a natural component of police work
Which of the following US SC cases specified the conditions under which deadly force could be used to apprehend a suspected felon?
Police subculture is transmitted primarily
Who coined the term phrase working personality of police officers?
If Jake is convicted in the US District Court and then loses his appeal in the US Court of Appeals, he has the right to have the US SC review his case
The purpose of a preliminary hearing is to determine the guilt of a defendant
On appeal, when a trial court of general jurisdiction offers a new trial instead of the review of the lower court’s decision it is giving a
IN which court would a felony trial be held in the federal court system?
One purpose of ____ is to help ensure the reappearance of the accused at trial
Which of the following statements about grand juries is false?
Defendants can cross-examine prosecution witnesses during a grand jury hearing.
Prosecutors are required to assist the defense in building its case by making available to any evidence in their possession.
Exculpatory evidence is information having a tendency to clear a person of guilt or blame
Suspects have the constitutional right to represent themselves
Scientific jury selection involves the use of correlational techniques from the social sciences to gauge the likelihood that potential jurors will vote guilty or acquittal
A peremptory challenge allows attorneys to remove potential jurors, but must give a reason for doing so
Which work group member has the responsibility of demonstrating to a jury that a defendant is guilty beyond a reasonable doubt?
Which US SC case established the right to counsel for indigent defendants in state felony court proceedings?
Which of the following represents the order of the steps in a criminal trial
The most important form of prosecutorial discretion lies in the power to
Charge or not to charge a person with an offense
Research indicates that rehabilitation works. Most offenders do not commit additional crimes after serving their sentences.
Specific deterrence seeks to reduce the likelihood of recidivism by convicted offenders.
According to he principle of equity, defendants should receive roughly the same sentence when the circumstances of the rimes hey committed are similar
Fines are one the oldest and most widely used type of criminal sanction
Which sentencing goal is closely associated with the phrase and eye for an eye?
Cooperating with the authorities,good character, and no prior record are examples of ____ factors
What goal of sentencing is sometimes referred to as the lock ‘em up approach?
Nationwide, approximately 89% of parolees successfully complete parole.
A probation office doesn’t need a search warrant or probable cause to search a probationer’s residence.
Which of the following is considered a disadvantage of probation ad parole?
Which of the following statements is false?
Convicted murderers and rapists cannot be sentenced probation
Which type of sentence requires that offenders serve weekends in jail and receive probation supervision during the week?
Which intermediate sanction resembles a military style boot camp?
Revocation of probation or parole
Requires a hearing before a legally constituted hearing body to determine if the conditions of probation or parole were violated
What is the most common form of criminal sentencing in the US?
Which of the following sentence is a prisoner reentry strategy?
The operational capacity of a prison is the number of inmates a prison was intended to hold when it was built.
Violent offenders cannot be incarcerated in a minimum-security facility.
Women account for about what percentage of the country’s jail population?
The largest growth group in jails nationwide is
____ is the most secure prison ever built by the federal government
High security facilities in the federal prison are called
Which of the following is a Latin term meaning after the fact?
What is the primary force holding inmates in minimum-security prisons?
Which level of security is highest within the federal prison system?
Some authors have suggested that violence in women’s prisons occurs less often than in men’s
A prisoner’s mail can be censored if it s necessary to do so for security
Like inmates, correctional officers are socialized into the official and unofficial rule of prison society
Inmates have a reasonable expectation of privacy in theirs cells under the fourth amendment
An enclosed facility separated from society both social and physically, where the inhabitants share all aspects of heir daily lives
The socialization for inmates into the prison subculture is called
John Irwin described the lifestyle of an inmate who takes advantage of eh positive experiences the prison has to offer as an
Which SC case provided a balancing test as the guideline for most inmate rights cases?
In regard to religious freedom,prisoners must be given
A “reasonable opportunity” to pursue their faith
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