1) Profession of Faith (Shahada) 2) Pray 5 times a day towards Mecca (Salat) 3) Alms for the poor (Zakat) 4) Ramadan fasting (Sawm) 5) Mecca Pilgrimage (Hajj)
What are the African concepts on Being?
1) Muntu- beings with will (human, deceased, gods, forests, spirits, ancestors, demons) 2) Kintu-beings with/out will stars, sun, planets, animals, objects) -do things: fire burns, sun rises -never does anything w/o Muntu activating it 3) Nommo-how Muntu directs Kintu to act
"Dar al Islam"
the realm of peace
"Dar al Harb"
the realm of war
sacrifice of Ishmal -Dar al Islam (realm of peace) -Sunni 80% -Shiya 20% -Dar al Harb (realm of war) -Sufism: whirling dervishes (dancers), those who try to get an inner association with God -Qu'ron is revolution of God -Shana Law: Qu'ron and Haddith (sayings of Mohammad) represents religious considerations
What are common themes in the Native American worldview?
-the universe runs on a limited supply of vital energy that is connected with sexuality and blood -energy should be conserved and not wasted; it can be polluted (through anger) -energy needs periodic rejuvination through rituals -knowledge is essential for successful living and comes from the spiritual world through non-ordinary experience -knowledge is applied through ritual re-enactment -the part affects the whole -the individual is less important than the group